Table 1

Respondents’ background and workplace characteristics (n=1060*)

n (%)
Country income level†
 High-income277 (26)
 Middle-income682 (64)
 Low-income101 (10)
World region
 East Asia and Pacific41 (4)
 Europe and Central Asia675 (64)
 Latin America and Caribbean66 (6)
 Middle East and North Africa53 (5)
 North America25 (2)
 South Asia27 (2)
 Sub-Saharan Africa173 (16)
Cadre
 Midwife/nurse-midwife257 (25)
 Nurse312 (29)
 Obstetrician/gynaecologist223 (21)
 Neonatologist/paediatrician73 (7)
 Medical doctor (no specialisation)126 (12)
 Other54 (5)
Position
 Head of facility44 (4)
 Head of department or ward103 (10)
 Head of team87 (8)
 Team member237 (22)
 Interim member74 (7)
 Independent or self-practicing110 (10)
 Other360 (34)
Gender
 Female826 (78)
 Male213 (20)
 Prefer not to mention7 (2)
Type of care provided (multiple responses allowed)
 Outpatient ANC402 (38)
 Home-based childbirth care76 (7)
 Outpatient PNC321 (30)
 Outpatient breastfeeding support255 (24)
 Inpatient ANC284 (27)
 Inpatient childbirth care362 (34)
 Inpatient PNC325 (31)
 Surgical care169 (16)
 Neonatal care (small and sick newborns)157 (15)
 Home visits152 (14)
 Community outreach204 (19)
 Family planning provision or counselling251 (24)
 Abortion care139 (13)
 Post-abortion care189 (18)
 Other147 (14)
Works in more than one health facility
 Yes742 (70)
 No300 (28)
Primary workplace
 Referral hospital202 (19)
 District/regional hospital196 (18)
 Health centre91 (8)
 Polyclinic or clinic280 (26)
 Birth centre111 (10)
 Independent or self-practicing67 (6)
 Other94 (9)
Primary workplace sector
 Public (national)532 (50)
 Public (university or teaching)107 (10)
 Public (district level or below)168 (16)
 Private for profit28 (3)
 Private not-for-profit25 (3)
 Independent or self-practicing63 (6)
 Other88 (8)
Type of area
 Large city (>1 million inhabitants)355 (33)
 Small city (100 000–1 million inhabitants)246 (23)
 Town (<100 000 inhabitants)149 (14)
 Village/rural area236 (22)
 Other43 (4)
Workplace characteristics
 Facility provides caesarean section535 (50)
 Facility accepts referrals from other facilities672 (63)
  • *Differential number of missing values across variables.

  • †According to the World Bank classification.84

  • ANC, antenatal care; PNC, postnatal care.