Table 1

Study participants

IntervieweesHospital AHospital BHospital C
RaceGenderExperience (years)RaceGenderExperience (years)RaceGenderExperience (years)
Senior managementB

C


B

B
B
B
C
F

M


F

M
M
F
M
35

10


5

7
5
20
8
B
W
B
B
B
B
B

B

C
M
M
F
M
M
F
M

M

M
10
15
25
10
15
10
4

10

15
C

W


B

W
B
B
C
F

F


M

M
M
F
M
30

35


5

30
40
5
10
Middle management
Shop StewardsB
W
B


M
F
M


7
1
3


B
C
B


C
F
M
F


M
10
2
15


10
B
C
B
B
C
F
M
F
M
F
3
2
15
2
5
Total interviews101312
Focus group participants
Nurses3 B
2 B
2 C
F
M
F
5, 9 & 20
6 & 10
7 &10
3 B
2 B
3 W
2 C
F
M
F
F
3, 8, 16
9 &20
7, 9, 11
11&13.
2 B
2C
1C
2 W
F
F
M
F
7 &11
15 & 23
11
15 & 21
Allied healthcare professionals2 B
2 W
2 C
F
F
M
15 & 10
15 & 3
10 & 4
2 B
2 W
3 C
M
F
F
12 & 13
8 & 18
3, 8, 11
2 B
1 I
3 W
M
Ms
F
7 & 8
11
7, 9, 12
General and administration2 B
3 B
1 I
M
F
F
35 & 10
10, 9 & 7
10
3B
3W
2 C
F
M
M
7, 9, 16
7.8, 20
11 & 17
2 B
2 C
2 C
F
M
F
11 & 15
12 & 14
8 & 18
Shop stewards2 B
2 B
1 W
1 C
M
F
F
M
7 & 3
1
1
4
3B
2B
2C
1W
F
Ms
M
M
1,10,15
10 &13
2 &5
1
2 B
1 B
2C
1C
1W
F
M
F
M
M
3 & 15
2
5 & 8
2
7
  • B, black; C, coloured; F, female; I, Indian; M, male; W, white.