Table 1

Characteristics of recent healthcare users in Jilin China, 2008–2018, by urban and rural settings

CharacteristicsUrbanRuralχ2P values
Type of diseases5.880.117
 Diseases recommended to PHC facilities66173.28151973.30
 Hypertensions and/or diabetes25023.3253824.67
 Acute upper respiratory tract infections13713.5637416.01
 Other ailments27426.7260726.70
 Diseases not recommended to PHC facilities36736.4075532.62
Household income per capita686.40<0.001
Educational achievement911.96<0.001
 Primary school or below16916.92137158.48
 Junior high school32931.6971332.72
 Senior high school33532.581476.75
 College and above19518.82422.05
Social health insurance26.14<0.001
 Han majority86585.63214295.01
  • The survey investigated 3302 adults (urban 1028, rural 2274) who sought outpatient care during the past 2 weeks of the survey. Proportions were adjusted by sampling weights to yield provincially representative estimates.

  • PHC facilities included community health centres and stations, township hospitals, village health centres and clinics.

  • Other ailments include skin diseases, malnutrition or obesity, various kinds of inflammation, angina pectoris, neurological headache, appendicitis, inguinal hernia, foreign bodies in the eye and ear canal, epilepsy, poisoning and so on.

  • Economic status was assessed by household income per capita and divided into three quantiles for each survey separately. The cut-off points were US$453.2 and US$906.3 for the 2008 survey, US$944.1 and US$1888.2 for the 2013 survey, and US$1007.1 and US$2323.8 for the 2018 survey respectively. 1$=6.62 RMB in 2018.

  • PHC, primary healthcare.