Table 1

National, sociodemographic and obstetric characteristics of study population by severity of abortion-related complications

Total
(n=13 657)
Severe maternal outcomes (n=323)Potentially life-threatening complications (n=957)Moderate (n=7953)Mild (n=4424)
National
 Country-recognised medical abortion*,†
  None2980 (21.8)83 (25.7)158 (16.5)1919 (24.1)820 (18.5)
  Misoprostol4183 (30.6)123 (38.1)263 (27.5)2098 (49.5)1699 (38.4)
  Misoprostol-Mifepristone6493 (47.6)117 (36.2)536 (56.0)3936 (49.5)1905 (43.1)
 National guidelines on abortions*,‡
  None7435 (54.4)186 (57.6)480 (50.2)4242 (53.3)2527 (57.1)
  Postabortion care only2429 (17.8)33 (10.2)236 (24.7)1509 (18.9)651 (14.7)
  Induced abortion and postabortion care3793 (27.8)104 (32.2)241 (25.2)2202 (27.7)1246 (28.2)
Facility
 Facility type*
  Primary1022 (8.4)31 (9.9)76 (8.7)748 (10.4)167 (4.4)
  Secondary7505 (61.7)139 (44.6)421 (48.1)4408 (61.4)2537 (66.9)
  Tertiary3630 (29.8)142 (45.5)378 (43.2)2027 (28.2)1083 (28.6)
 Location*
  Urban9839 (72.0)262 (81.1)651 (68.0)5717 (71.9)3209 (72.5)
  Peri-urban2080 (15.2)32 (9.9)105 (10.9)1206 (15.2)737 (16.6)
  Rural1738 (12.7)29 (8.9)201 (21.0)1030 (12.9)478 (10.8)
Sociodemographic and obstetric
 Age (in years)13 516
  ≤192173 (16.1)58 (18.1)157 (16.5)1222 (15.5)736 (16.9)
  20–296565 (48.6)151 (47.0)451 (47.3)3866 (49.1)2097 (48.1)
  ≥304778 (35.4)112 (34.9)345 (36.2)2791 (35.4)1530 (35.1)
 Marital status*12 614
  Single2852 (22.6)104 (34.3)246 (27.9)1628 (22.2)874 (21.4)
  Married/Cohabitating9474 (69.4)186 (61.6)609 (69.1)5548 (75.5)3131 (76.7)
  Separated/Divorced/Widowed288 (2.3)12 (3.9)27 (3.1)174 (2.4)75 (1.8)
 Education*10 485
  No education1791 (17.1)41 (17.1)125 (17.1)1095 (18.3)530 (15.0)
  Primary3004 (28.7)63 (26.3)245 (33.6)1640 (27.4)1056 (29.9)
  Secondary or more5690 (54.3)136 (56.7)360 (49.3)3252 (54.3)1942 (55.1)
 Gainful occupation*11 708
  Yes5276 (45.1)119 (43.1)337 (41.0)3302 (48.4)1518 (40.1)
 Previous pregnancies13 264
  03584 (27.0)79 (24.8)231 (24.6)2090 (26.9)1184 (27.9)
  1 or more9680 (72.9)240 (75.2)708 (75.4)5678 (73.1)2054 (72.1)
 Previous abortions9434
  06050 (64.1)154 (65.5)462 (66.9)3493 (63.1)1941 (65.3)
  1 or more3384 (35.9)81 (34.5)229 (33.1)2041 (36.9)1033 (34.7)
 Gestational age (in weeks)*
  <137214 (52.8)118 (36.5)378 (39.5)4284 (53.9)2434 (55.0)
  13–283998 (29.3)112 (34.7)372 (38.9)2211 (27.8)1303 (29.5)
  Undetermined2445 (17.9)93 (28.8)207 (21.6)1458 (18.3)687 (15.5)
 Expulsion of products of conception before arrival to facility*13 616
  Yes5916 (43.5)177 (55.1)511 (53.7)3299 (41.6)1929 (43.7)
  • *P<0.0001.

  • †None (Niger, Burkina Faso, Chad); misoprostol (Benin, Ghana, Kenya, Uganda); misoprostol-mifepristone (DRC, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria).

  • ‡None (Burkina Faso, DRC, Chad, Malawi, Niger, Uganda); postabortion care (Kenya only); induced abortion and postabortion care (Benin, Ghana, Mozambique, Nigeria).

  • DRC, Democratic Republic of the Congo.