Table 2

Cluster variance and contextual effects, Eastern Uganda (2005–2015)

Null modelModel 1Model 2Model 3Model 4Model 5
  • The final model is in bold.

  • *PCV=proportional change in variance; it is the share of the total variance from the empty model (reference) that is attributable to the variables included in each model.

  • †MRR=median rate ratio; it can be interpreted as the median value of the rate ratio between the village at highest risk and the village at lowest risk when randomly picking out two villages.