Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the study participants analysis of Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey, 2015–2016 (n=2943)

NWeighted N (%)
Household factors
  Location of household
  Rural23472158 (73.3)
  Urban829784 (26.7)
 Geographical zone
  Hilly zone1099553 (19.4)
  Coastal zone563344 (12.0)
  Delta zone6091002 (35.1)
  Central plain zone815959 (33.5)
 Household wealth status
  Lowest quintile742680 (23.1)
  Second lowest quintile680613 (20.8)
  Middle quintile602528 (18.0)
  Fourth quintile635584 (19.8)
  Highest quintile517539 (18.3)
Maternal/partner factors
 Mother’s current age (years)
  Under 207874 (2.5)
  20–2913391228 (41.7)
  30–3913851325 (45.0)
  40 and over374315 (10.7)
 Mother’s education
  No education/primary17471676 (56.9)
  Secondary or higher14291267 (43.1)
 Mother’s working status
  Not working11361032 (35.2)
  Agriculture-related work444369 (12.6)
  Non-agriculture related work15881533 (52.3)
 Husband’s working status
  Agriculture-related work24911758 (60.3)
  Non-agriculture related work13401157 (39.7)
 Husband’s education
  No education/primary15601485 (51.3)
  Secondary or higher15511409 (48.7)
Exposure to mass media
 Reading newspaper or magazine
  No19551792 (60.9)
  Yes12211150 (39.1)
 Listening to radio
  No19101740 (59.1)
  Yes12661202 (40.9)
 Watching television
  No1132762 (25.9)
  Yes27352181 (74.1)
 Birth history
 Birth rank
  4th birth rank and over1043566 (19.2)
  2nd–3rd birth rank15991277 (43.4)
  1st birth rank12251099 (37.4)
 Preceding birth interval
  Birth interval >3 years864453 (15.4)
  Birth interval <3 years17661379 (47.0)
  First child12251099 (37.5)
Pregnancy, birth and postbirth care
 Place of antenatal care
  Home/other1136485 (16.5)
  Public health facility23352100 (71.4)
  Private health facility396358 (12.2)
 Birth assistant
  None/traditional birth attendants/other untrained1363686 (23.3)
  Health professional25042257 (76.7)
 Place of birth
  Non-health facility24031552 (52.7)
  Health facility14641391 (47.3)
 Mode of birth
  Non-caesarean section31832272 (77.2)
  Caesarean section684671 (22.8)
 Postnatal care
  No20241467 (49.8)
  Yes18421476 (50.2)