Table 3

Indashyikirwa: impact of the intervention on IPV and economic outcomes at 24-month endline assessment by disability status at baseline

IPV prevalence among women without disabilities at baseline and endlineIPV prevalence among women with disabilities at baseline and endlineEffect among women with vs without disability
Baseline%/SDEndline%/SDaRR or B (95% CI)P valueBaseline%/SDEndline%/SDaRR or B (95% CI)P valueaRR/coefficient (95% CI)P value
n/meann/meann/meann/mean
IPV outcomes
Any physical IPV
 Control18931.1%18330.7%8339.1%7436.6%
 Intervention24640.5%14123.8%0.37 (0.26 to 0.53)<0.00110849.1%6530.2%0.35 (0.19 to 0.66)0.0040.98 (0.52 to 1.82)0.93
Any sexual IPV
 Control21835.8%21936.9%9042.4%8441.6%
 Intervention25141.4%17529.5%0.46 (0.33 to 0.65)<0.00112255.5%8640.0%0.48 (0.26 to 0.89)0.071.14 (0.61 to 2.13)0.67
Physical and/or sexual IPV >1 type or occurrence
 Control23238.2%24140.4%10549.5%9345.6%
 Intervention27946.0%18931.6%0.52 (0.35 to 0.77)<0.00113360.5%9443.3%0.52 (0.26 to 1.04)0.091.02 (0.49 to 2.14)0.95
Economic outcomes
Any income in the past month
 Control37061.0%40968.7%11252.8%12661.8%
 Intervention29648.8%40868.6%01.45 (1.06 to 2.00)0.0211351.4%14667.3%1.51 (0.86 to 2.66)0.151.03 (0.59 to 1.78)0.92
Hunger (score)
 Control4.670.094.930.085.010.165.350.14
 Intervention4.900.104.620.10−0.43 (−0.60 to −0.27)<0.0015.080.114.770.11−0.48 (−0.77 to −0.19)<0.0010.02 (−0.28 to 0.31)0.91
Mental and physical health outcomes
Depression (CES-D 10 score)
 Control7.330.187.780.2610.10.309.730.27
 Intervention7.960.226.610.26−1.57 (1.99 to 1.15)<0.00110.90.517.940.32−3.13 (3.92 to 2.34)<0.001−0.96 (1.75 to 0.16)0.02
Self-rated health (good or excellent)
 Control45575.0%39766.5%13563.7%10954.0%
 Intervention42570.0%42971.7%1.64 (1.19 to 2.26)0.00412757.7%14868.2%3.03 (1.65 to 5.56)<0.0011.01 (0.55 to 1.87)0.97
  • Bolded indicates significant at p<0.05; all models adjusted for VSLA membership reported at baseline (self, partner or both); baseline asset scores; experience of physical or sexual IPV from a previous partner; age, and the baseline value of the outcome variable.

  • aRR, adjusted risk ratio; CES-D, Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression; IPV, intimate partner violence; VSLA, village savings and loan association.