Table 4

Stepping Stone and Creating Futures: impact of the intervention on IPV and economic outcomes at 24-month endline assessment by disability status at baseline

IPV prevalence among women without disabilities at baseline and endlineIPV prevalence among women with disabilities at baseline and endlineEffect among women with vs without disability
Baseline%/SDEndline%/SDaOR or B (95% CI)P valueBaseline%/SDEndline%/SDaOR or B (95% CI)P valueaOR/coefficient (95% CI)P value
n/meann/meann/meann/mean
IPV outcomes
Any physical IPV
 Control16359.9%12051.7%4060.6%3566.0%
 Intervention15556.6%10048.1%0.91 (0.59 to 1.41)0.684569.2%3465.4%0.91 (0.49 to 1.69)0.911.00 (0.52 to 1.91)0.99
Any sexual IPV
 Control7828.7%7632.8%2436.4%2547.2%
 Intervention7326.6%6229.8%0.88 (0.55 to 1.41)0.592538.5%2446.2%1.05 (0.52 to 2.10)0.901.19 (0.62 to 2.28)0.92
Physical and/or sexual IPV >1 type or occurrence
 Control15155.5%11248.3%3959.1%3362.3%
 Intervention13850.4%9244.2%0.95 (0.66 to 1.37)0.804264.6%3159.6%0.78 (0.42 to 1.46)0.440.82 (0.44 to 1.53)0.54
Economic outcomes
Any income in the past month
 Control8932.7%9038.8%1319.7%2649.1%
 Intervention7928.8%11756.3%2.12 (1.40 to 3.20)<0.0012436.9%2751.9%0.97 (0.41 to 2.29)0.940.46 (0.18 to 1.17)0.10
Any savings in past month
 Control2810.3%2611.2%812.1%713.2%
 Intervention279.9%3918.8%1.87 (1.07 to 3.26)0.031116.9%1121.2%1.63 (0.51 to 5.17)0.410.87 (0.30 to 2.52)0.80
Hunger (score)
 Control3.21.52.81.53.21.63.11.7
 Intervention2.81.72.51.6−0.18 (−0.46 to 0.10)0.203.11.82.81.8−0.19 (−0.97 to 0.79)0.640.00 (−0.80 to 0.79)0.99
Mental health and substance use outcomes
Depression score (mean)
 Control20.110.8221025.212.52812
 Intervention201021.310.3−0.81 (−2.58 to 0.87)0.3726.510.524.511.14.61 (−8.89 to –0.29)0.04−3.81 (−8.64 to 1.03)0.12
Alcohol score (mean)
 Control3.964.16.57.79.645.5
 Intervention3.34.63.24.8−1.14 (−2.50 to 0.23)0.106.69.16.49.23.42 (−0.12 to 6.98)0.064.55 (0.86 to 8.24)0.02
  • Bold indicates significant at p<0.05; endline models adjusted for the baseline value of the outcome variable.

  • aOR, adjusted OR; IPV, intimate partner violence.