Table 1

Summary of articles included in the final analysis (n=171)

Published 2007 to 2015Published 2016 to 2019Total
N (%)N (%)N (%)
Purpose
Main study aim
 Instrument validation22 (26.2)12 (13.8)34 (19.9)
 Measurement*54 (64.3)65 (74.7)119 (69.6)
 Evaluation (eg, of programme or policy)7 (8.3)8 (9.2)15 (8.8)
 Other†1 (1.2)2 (2.3)3 (1.8)
Participants
Number of study participants‡430 (21 to 26 325)875 (25 to 20 094)585 (21 to 26 325)
Timing in continuum of care
 Early pregnancy and/or abortion0 (0)1 (1.1)1 (0.6)
 Antenatal care36 (42.9)28 (32.2)64 (37.4)
 Labour and childbirth63 (75.0)78 (89.7)141 (82.5)
 Postnatal care21 (25.0)21 (24.1)42 (24.6)
 Newborn care2 (2.4)10 (11.5)12 (7.0)
 Unclear7 (8.3)0 (0)7 (4.1)
Location: country income status§
 Low income9 (10.7)23 (26.4)32 (18.7)
 Lower middle income14 (16.7)21 (24.1)35 (20.5)
 Upper middle income9 (10.7)13 (14.9)22 (12.9)
 High income52 (61.9)30 (34.5)82 (48.0)
Data collection methods
Reported validation
 Validation study22 (26.2)9 (10.3)31 (18.1)
 Used validated instrument17 (20.2)16 (18.4)33 (19.3)
 Has components of validated instrument13 (15.5)4 (4.6)17 (9.9)
 Instrument not validated32 (38.1)58 (66.7)90 (52.6)
Timing¶
 During facility stay or immediately after discharge25 (29.8)29 (33.3)54 (31.6)
 Within 1 week11 (13.1)6 (6.9)17 (9.9)
 8 days to 6 weeks7 (8.3)5 (5.7)12 (7.0)
 7 weeks to 1 year25 (29.8)29 (33.3)54 (31.6)
 More than 1 year4 (4.8)12 (13.8)16 (9.4)
 Unclear12 (14.3)6 (6.9)18 (10.5)
Total number of articles8487171
  • *For example, measuring prevalence of aspects of user experience and/or determining correlates of user experience.

  • †The primary aim of these articles was to measure something other than user experience (eg, utilisation).

  • ‡Median (range).

  • §World Bank country income status at the time of publication.

  • ¶After delivery in the case of childbirth, or date of services rendered in the case of outpatient care.