Table 1

Studies used as data sources for women included in the pooled analysis

ProgrammeCountryType of studyN†Women’s age rangeSampling or recruitment strategyEligibility criteria for inclusion in baseline interviews
Evaluation of Sammanit Jeevan35NepalRecruitment of families from six villages, no randomisation20018 +Volunteer
  • Families with a married young woman.

  • Two women per family were enrolled into the programme, of different generations, if available.

Evaluation of Stepping Stones/Creating Futures
36
South AfricaRandomisation of 34 clusters68018–30Volunteer
  • Young women normally resident in the informal settlement.

  • Not in full time work or education.

Evaluation of the Women’s Empowerment Program37AfghanistanIndividual level randomisation within six study villages93318–49Volunteer
  • Residence in intervention or control community.

  • Only one woman per household.

  • Economically vulnerable.

Evaluation of the Indashyikirwa couples’ intervention*
38 39
RwandaRandomisation of 28 clusters (sectors) across seven districts160018–50Volunteer
  • Residence in community for at least 6 months prior to survey.

  • Married or cohabitating for at least 6 months prior to survey.

  • Recruited from voluntary savings and loan associations.

Evaluation of the Rural Response System40GhanaRandomisation of 4 districts with data collected from 38 clusters187718–50Population-based survey
  • Residence in intervention or control community.

Evaluation of Change Starts at Home41NepalRandomisation of 36 clusters across three districts180018–49Population-based survey
  • Women living with their partner in a study intervention or control community.

Evaluation of the Indashyikirwa community intervention*
38 39
RwandaRandomisation of 28 clusters (sectors) across seven districts139918–50Household-based survey of residents who were not direct programme participants
  • Residence in community for at least 6 months prior to survey.

  • Married or cohabitating for at least 6 months prior to survey.

  • Not enrolled in the couples’ cohort of the Indashyikirwa study.

  • *The Indashyikirwa impact evaluation study included both a cohort of couples recruited from voluntary savings and loan associations and household-based surveys of residents of intervention or control areas.

  • †Number of women who provided disability and IPV data and are therefore included in this analysis.

  • IPV, intimate partner violence.