Table 4

Association between past 12 months’ violence experience and degree of disability

Violence experiencedSeverity of disability*All studiesVolunteer-recruited studiesHousehold-level recruitment
IPV prevalence by severity of disability* (%)aOR (95% CI)IPV prevalence by severity of disability* (%)aOR (95% CI)IPV prevalence by severity of disability* (%)aOR (95% CI)
Physical IPVNone20.1ref29.3ref15.8ref
Moderate31.31.63 (1.40 to 1.91)381.88 (1.45 to 2.44)261.47 (1.24 to 1.74)
Severe44.32.40 (1.87 to 3.08)43.42.33 (1.52 to 3.56)45.32.62 (2.07 to 3.31)
Sexual IPVNone16.8ref24.5ref14.5ref
Moderate31.51.70 (1.44 to 2.02)38.11.78 (1.44 to 2.21)27.61.69 (1.32 to 2.17)
Severe45.52.58 (1.97 to 3.38)42.92.22 (1.74 to 2.84)483.10 (2.02 to 4.76)
Emotional IPVNone28.8ref38.8ref24.2ref
Moderate46.51.80 (1.52 to 2.14)51.81.80 (1.36 to 2.39)42.41.80 (1.48 to 2.19)
Severe59.32.49 (1.85 to 3.35)57.32.35 (1.45 to 3.82)61.72.68 (1.92 to 3.75)
Economic IPVNone16.7ref24.2ref13.2ref
Moderate301.59 (1.39 to 1.82)34.51.56 (1.2 to 2.04)26.61.61 (1.35 to 1.93)
Severe42.62.24 (1.86 to 2.69)42.62.18 (1.40 to 3.40)42.52.16 (1.71 to 2.74)
Sexual/physical IPVNone26.9ref35.9ref22.7ref
Moderate42.91.72 (1.49 to 2.00)491.90 (1.48 to 2.42)38.21.63 (1.38 to 1.93)
Severe57.62.64 (2.08 to 3.35)54.92.41 (1.62 to 3.60)60.83.02 (2.31 to 3.96)
Any IPVNone40.8ref50.9ref36.1ref
Moderate59.81.86 (1.57 to 2.21)64.81.89 (1.44 to 2.49)561.86 (1.50 to 2.30)
Severe71.72.63 (1.95 to 3.55)69.82.46 (1.56 to 3.90)742.86 (1.94 to 4.21)
  • *For this table, a participant who replied ‘Yes, some difficulty’ in at least one domain but had zero ‘Yes, a lot of difficulty’ or ‘Cannot do at all’ answers was classified as having moderate disability; a participant who answered ‘Yes, a lot of difficulty’ or ‘Cannot do at all’ to any of the domains was classified as having severe disability.

  • IPV, intimate partner violence.