Table 1

Dimensions of culture

Dimensions of cultureDescriptionTerminology used here
Uncertainty avoidanceDegree to which the members of an organisation avoid unknown outcomes by depending on accepted practices, rules, or procedures.Fear of uncertainty
Power distanceThe difference in (decision-making) power between higher and lower levels of an organisation, and whether that power difference is found to be acceptable and appropriate.Power distance
Institutional collectivismExtent to which the organisation encourages and rewards communal action (working together).Communal action
In-group collectivismLevel of pride, satisfaction and loyalty shown by members towards their organisation.Loyalty