Table 1

Definitions of the term global health

Labonte and Spiegel212003The social, environmental and economic contexts in which health, disease and healthcare interventions are embedded
Kickbusch202006Health issues that transcend national boundaries and governments and call for actions on the global forces that determine the health of people
Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on the US Commitment to Global22 Health2009The goal of improving health for all people in all nations by promoting wellness and eliminating avoidable disease, disability and death. It can be attained by combining population-based health promotion and disease prevention measures with individual-level clinical care
Koplan et al92009An area for study, research and practice that places a priority on improving health and achieving equity in health for all people worldwide
Beaglehole and Bonita52010Collaborative international research and action for promoting health for all
Benatar and Brock232011The science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting physical and mental health through organised global efforts for the maintenance of a safe environment, the control of communicable disease, the education of individuals and whole populations in principles of personal hygiene and safe living habits, the organisation of healthcare services for the early diagnosis, prevention and treatment of disease, and attention to the societal, cultural and economic determinants of health that could ensure a standard of living and education for all that is adequate for the achievement and maintenance of good health
Gostin242014A (world) where all people live in conditions that allow them to lead, healthy, productive lives
Packard252016Investments in efforts to improve the health of peoples living in resource-poor countries by governments and organisations in the Global North
Birn et al262017Health and disease patterns in terms of the interaction of global, national and local forces, processes, and conditions in political, economic, social and epidemiological domains
Claborn192018Health issues that transcend borders, that require a multidisciplinary response and that probably include a focus on politically and ethically charged global issues such as social justice, urbanisation, rapid climate change and health inequities
Mukherjee and Farmer272018The emerging discipline of healthcare delivery in improvised settings
King and Koski462019Public health somewhere else