Table 1

Spearman correlations (p value) between GHSI categories and some global macroindicators

ReadyScore (average of 19 JEE domains)Education (population over 25 years that completed upper secondary)GDP per capita (US$)Population sizeHealth spend (% of GDP)Political stability and absence of violence/terrorism index
GHSI total0.82 (<0.0001)0.57 (<0.0001)0.56 (<0.0001)0.36 (<0.0001)0.32 (<0.0001)0.25 (0.00041)
Prevent0.79 (<0.0001)0.56 (<0.0001)0.52 (<0.0001)0.40 (<0.0001)0.35 (<0.0001)0.18 (0.012)
Detect0.66 (<0.0001)0.41 (<0.0001)0.37 (<0.0001)0.42 (<0.0001)0.25 (0.0006)0.05 (0.50)
Respond0.67 (<0.0001)0.37 (<0.0001)0.40 (<0.0001)0.35 (<0.0001)0.28 (0.00012)0.17 (0.017)
Health system0.80 (<0.0001)0.56 (<0.0001)0.56 (<0.0001)0.34 (<0.0001)0.33 (<0.0001)0.22 (0.0019)
Commitments0.41 (<0.0001)0.30 (<0.0001)0.24 (0.0013)0.35 (<0.0001)0.19 (0.0098)0.10 (0.17)
Risk environment0.81 (<0.0001)0.64 (<0.0001)0.91 (<0.0001)−0.24 (0.001)0.32 (<0.0001)0.78 (<0.0001)
  • Spearman’s rho reported, note that Pearson’s r differed substantially from Spearman’s rho only for population size, where correlation with GHSI overall score was r=0.14, p<0.05.

  • GDP, gross domestic product; GHSI, Global Health Security Index; JEE, Joint External Evaluation.