Table 1

Included study information

AuthorYearWorld Bank categoryCountryFunderSexTotal participants (n=)Risk of bias (RCT or QE)
InterventionStudy
Abramsky2014LICUgandaIrish Aid; Sigrid Rausing Trust; 3ie; AusAID; Stephen Lewis Foundation; American Jewish World Service; HIVOS; NoVo FoundationM+FM+FBaseline: 1583;
Endline: 2532
Some concerns (RCT)
Abramsky2016LICUgandaSee aboveM+FM+FBaseline: 1583;
Endline: 2532
Some concerns (RCT)
Achyut2011MICIndiaJohn D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation; Nike FoundationM+FM+FBaseline: 2896;
Follow-up: 203;
Endline: 754
Serious (QE)
Ara2010LICBangladeshBRAC & international partnersM+FM+FBaseline: 1534;
Endline: 797
Moderate (QE)
Ashburn2017LICUgandaUSAID; Oak FoundationM (small amount of female partner involvement)MBaseline: 435;
Endline: 400
Serious (QE)
Avery-Leaf1997HICUSANIMHM+FM+FBaseline: 193;
Endline: 193
Moderate (QE)
Baiocchi2017MICKenyaUjamaa-AfricaM+FFBaseline: 5686;
Endline: 6106
High (RCT)
Bartel2010MICIndiaFord FoundationM+FFBaseline: 663;
Endline: 668
Serious (QE)
CAREInternational2012MIC, HICBosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, CroatiaCARE International North West BalkansMM>100Serious (QE)
Chamroonsawasdi2010MICThailandWHOM+FM+FBaseline: 530;
Endline: 530
Serious (QE)
Chege2004LIC, MICEthiopia, KenyaUSAIDM+FM+FBaseline: 2259;
Endline: 2240
Serious (QE)
Cowan2010MICZimbabweNIMH; DfID ZimbabweM+FM+FBaseline: 6791;
Endline: 4684
High (RCT)
Daniel2008MICIndiaDavid and Lucile Packard FoundationM+FFBaseline: 1995;
Endline: 2080
Moderate (QE)
Das2012MICIndiaNIKE FoundationMM610Serious (QE)
Davis2000HICUSAUS DOJMM+FBaseline: 376;
T2: 150*;
Endline: 83*
High (RCT)
Davis2002HICUSAUnspecifiedMMBaseline: 89;
T2: 90;
Endline: 89
High (RCT)
Diop2004MICSenegalUSAID; Population CouncilM+FM+FBaseline: 2623;
Endline: 2397
Serious (QE)
El-Bassel2005HICUSANIMHM+FM+FBaseline: 298;
Endline: 166
High (RCT)
Erulkar2011LICEthiopiaUSAID/PEPFARMM545Serious (QE)
Exner2009MICNigeriaNICHD; NIMH; HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral StudiesMMBaseline: 281;
Endline: 185
Moderate (QE)
Fay2006HICUSAUnspecifiedM+FM+FBaseline: 154;
Endline: 154
High (RCT)
Feder2000HICUSAUS DOJMM+FBaseline: 321;
Endline: 203
High (RCT)
Feder2002HICUSAUS NIJMM+FBaseline: 520;
Endline: 325
High (RCT)
Feder2004HICUSAUS DOJMM+FBaseline: 520;
T2: 325;
Endline: 87
High (RCT)
Foshee1998HICUSACDCM+FM+FBaseline: 1886;
Endline: 1700
High (RCT)
Foshee2000HICUSACDCM+FM+FBaseline: 1886;
T2: 1700;
Endline: 1603
High (RCT)
Foshee2004HICUSACDCM+FM+FBaseline: 1886;
T2: 1700;
T3: 1603;
Endline: 460
High (RCT)
Foshee2005HICUSACDCM+FM+F1566High (RCT)
Foubert1997HICUSAUnspecifiedMMBaseline: 105;
Endline: 77
Serious (QE)
Fuertes2012HICSpainMinistry of Science, Technology, Knowledge and Innovation, ChileM+FM+FBaseline: 169;
T2: 169;
Endline: 169
Moderate (QE)
Gidycz2011HICUSACDCMMBaseline: 635;
T2: 529;
Endline: 494
Some concerns (RCT)
Gordon2003HICUSAUnspecifiedMM248Serious (QE)
Gupta2013MICCôte d’IvoireWorld Bank’s SPF; Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS; NIMHM+FM+FBaseline: 981;
Endline: 934
Some concerns (RCT)
Harrell1991HICUSA US State Justice InstituteMMBaseline: 237;
Endline: 193
Serious (QE)
Hillenbrand-Gunn2010HICUSAMissouri Department of Health and Senior Service; CDC; NCIPCM+FM+F212Serious (QE)
Hossain2014MICCôte d’IvoireNovo Foundation; Sigrid Rausing Trust; UK ESRCMM+FBaseline: 578;
Endline: 548
High (RCT)
Instituto Promundo2012MICBrazil, India, ChileInstituto Promundo; UNTFIndia: M+F; Brazil and Chile: MNot reportedBrazil
Pretest: 210;
Post-test: 180
Chile
Pretest: 510;
Post-test: 303
India
Pretest: 370;
Midline: 267;
Post-test: 258
Serious (QE)
James2006MICSouth AfricaHorizons Project (USAID)M+FM+FBaseline: 1141;
T2: 844;
Endline: 768
High (RCT)
Jewkes2008MICSouth AfricaNIMHM+FM+FBaseline: 2776;
T2: 2144;
Endline: 2069
High (RCT)
Kalichman2009MICSouth AfricaNIMHMMBaseline: 475;
T2: 452;
T3: 455;
Endline: 432
Moderate (QE)
Keller2017MICKenyaUjamaa-Africa; No Means No WorldwideMMBaseline: 1543;
Endline: 1325
Serious (QE)
Kyegombe2014LICUgandaIrish Aid; Sigrid Rausing Trust; 3ie; UKAID; Stephen Lewis Foundation; HIVos; NoVo FoundationM+FM+FBaseline: 1583;
Endline: 2532
High (RCT)
Kyegombe2015LICUgandaSee aboveM+FM+FBaseline: 1583;
Endline: 2530
High (RCT)
Labriola2005HICUSAUS NIJMMBaseline: 211;
Endline: 209
High (RCT)
Lin2009HICTaiwanDepartment of Health (China)MMBaseline: 340;
Endline: 301
Serious (QE)
Lundgren2013LICNepalUSAIDM+FM+FBaseline: 603;
Endline: 603
Moderate (QE)
Macgowan1997HICUSANational Council of Jewish WomenM+FM+FBaseline: 740;
Endline: 440
Serious (QE)
Maxwell2004HICUSANIJMM367High (RCT)
Miller2012HICUSACDCMMBaseline: 2006;
Endline: 1798
Some concerns (RCT)
Miller2014MICIndiaNike Foundation; US NIH; US HRSAMMBaseline: 663;
Endline: 309
Moderate (QE)
Pulerwitz2006MICBrazilHorizons Program (USAID); REPSSIMMBaseline: 780;
T2: 622;
Endline: 407
Serious (QE)
Pulerwitz2010LICEthiopiaPEPFARMMBaseline: 729;
Endline: 645
Moderate (QE)
Pulerwitz2015LICEthiopiaPEPFARMMBaseline: 729;
Endline: 645
Moderate (QE)
Rhodes2011HICUSANIMHMMBaseline: 142;
Endline: 139
Some concerns (RCT)
Salazar2006HICUSAGeorgia State UniversityMMBaseline: 47;
Endline: 36
High (RCT)
Salazar2014HICUSANCIPC; CDCMMBaseline: 743;
T2: 451;
Endline: 215
Some concerns (RCT)
Saunders1996HICUSACDC; University of MichiganMM+FBaseline: 417;
Follow-up: 243
High (RCT)
Schuler2012LICTanzaniaC-Change Project & international partners (USAID)M+FM+FBaseline: 764;
Endline: 369
High (RCT)
Schuler2012MICGuatemalaC-Change Project & international partners (USAID)M+FM+FBaseline: 1122;
Endline: 603
High (RCT)
Schwarz2004HICUSAUnspecifiedM+FM+FBaseline: 65;
Endline: 58
Moderate (QE)
Shattuck2011LICMalawiFamily Health International; USAIDMMBaseline: 397;
Endline: 289
Some concerns (RCT)
Taylor2012MICSouth AfricaSANPADM+FM+FBaseline: 816;
Endline: 679
High (RCT)
Taylor2001HICUSAUS NIJMMBaseline: 376;
T2: 171,
Endline: 186
High (RCT)
Taylor2009HICUSAUS NIJMM629High (RCT)
Verma2008MICIndiaPEPFARM+FMBaseline: 1915;
Endline: 1138
Moderate (QE)
Wagman2015LICUgandaBill & Melinda Gates Foundation; US NIH; WHO; PEPFAR; Fogarty International CenterM+FM+FBaseline: 11 448;
T2: 7842;
Endline: 6526
High (RCT)
Weisz2001HICUSAMichigan Community Health DepartmentM+FM+FBaseline: 66;
T2 & endline: varied by measure:
Knowledge=26
Attitudes=29
Perpetration=23
Victimisation=20
Moderate (QE)
Wolfe2003HICCanadaOntario Mental Health Foundation; NHRDP (Health Canada); SSHRC (Canada)M+FM+FBaseline: 191;
Endline: 158
Moderate (QE)
  • *Values imputed from percentages reported by study authors.

  • F, female; HIC, high-income country; LIC, low-income country; M, male; MIC, middle-income country; QE, quasi-experimental study; RCT, randomised controlled trial.