Table 4

Demographic characteristics during ‘endline’ period (2008–2009)

SR armAWW armControl arm
Population309 431337 300314 359
Households59 84866 88861 042
Births662368525898
 Live births652567285797
 Still births98124101
Religion
 Hindu6207 (93.7)6351 (92.7)5329 (90.3)
 Muslim346 (5.2)438 (6.4)508 (8.6)
 Others70 (1.1)63 (0.9)61 (1.1)
Caste
 Scheduled caste1417 (21.3)1443 (21.0)1285 (21.7)
 Scheduled tribe755 (11.4)1036 (15.2)659 (11.2)
 Other backward castes3522 (53.2)3402 (49.6)2740 (46.4)
 Others929 (14.0)971 (14.2)1214 (20.7)
Maternal education
 Illiterate1331 (20.0)1346 (19.7)1379 (23.4)
 Primary to middle school1348 (20.4)1475 (21.5)1412 (24.0)
 High school and above3844 (59.6)4031 (58.8)3107 (52.6)
Proportion of villages withn=351n=430n=344
Access to primary health centre*27 (7.8)50 (11.6)31 (8.8)
Access to community health centre*21 (6.1)37 (8.0)10 (2.8)
Distance to district hospital <25 km38 (11.0)103 (23.9)164 (46.7)
Private clinic/nursing home13 (2.8)23 (5.3)10 (2.8)
ASHA provider299 (86.9)346 (80.5)312 (88.9)
Functioning JSY programme307 (89.2)350 (81.4)326 (92.8)
Antenatal visit(s) by ANMn=6341n=6560n=5688
 At least 1 visit5892 (92.9)5740 (87.5)5270 (92.6)
 >3 visits2129 (33.6)2702 (41.2)2698 (47.4)
Tetanus immunisation6037/6448 (93.6)6019/6643 (90.6)5350/5717 (93.6)
Place of delivery
 Home2057 (31.0)2440 (35.6)1737 (29.4)
 Facility4566 (69.0)4412 (64.4)4161 (70.6)
Delivery attended byn=5515n=5675n=5015
 Unskilled personnel807 (14.6)924 (16.3)719 (14.3)
 Skilled birth attendant4708 (85.4)4751 (83.7)4296 (85.7)
Mother received payment under JSY (for deliveries at health facility)3208/4566 (70.3)3285/4412 (74.5)2633/4161 (63.3)
  • Data are number (%).

  • *Access to health facility means that the village is connected by all-weather road to a health facility.

  • ANM, auxiliary nurse midwives; ASHA, accredited social health activist; AWW, anganwadi workers; JSY, Janani Suraksha Yojana; SR, Shishu Rakshak.