Table 4

Antibiotic dispensing in Indian pharmacies

VariableStudy setting
Udupi district, Karnataka
(n=1522)
Mumbai, Delhi and Patna
(n=1200)
n/NProportion (95% CI)n/NProportion (95% CI)
Number of antibiotics
 155/15223.6 (2.6 to 4.6)294/1,0024.5 (22.2 to 27.0)
 20025/12002.1 (1.3 to 2.9)
Pharmacy location
 Urban25/7443.3 (2.2 to 4.7)319/120026.6 (24.2 to 29.2)
 Rural30/7783.9 (2.7 to 5.2)
Clinical presentation
 Adult with URI11/2504.4 (2.0 to 7.2)
 Adult with diarrhoea12/2594.6 (2.3 to 7.1)
 Adult with fever (malaria suspect)10/2524.0 (1.6 to 6.3)
 Child with URI0/2520
 Child with diarrhoea20/2508.0 (4.8 to 11.2)
 Child with fever (malaria suspect)2/2590.8 (0.4 to 1.9)
 Adult with presumptive TB221/59936.9 (33.1 to 40.7)
 Adult with confirmed TB98/60116.3 (13.5 to 19.3)
Patient referred to health provider
 Yes15/7102.1 (1.1; 3.1)41/4978.2 (5.8; 10.9)
 No40/8124.9 (3.6; 6.4)278/70339.5 (36.1; 43.2)
  • TB, tuberculosis; URI, upper respiratory illness.