Table 4

Early neonatal mortality and perinatal mortality by practice adherence

Early neonatal mortality rate
(excludes stillbirth)
deaths per 1000 live births
Perinatal mortality rate
(stillbirth +
early neonatal mortality)
deaths per 1000 births
Practice
performed
(deaths/cases)
Practice
not performed
(deaths/cases)
Practice
performed
(deaths/cases)
Practice
not performed
(deaths/cases)
Birth companion present34.8 (93/2675)0.0 (0/6)52.5 (143/2725)0.0 (0/6)
Partograph started0.0 (0/14)34.9 (93/2667)0.0 (0/14)52.6 (143/2717)
Proper hand hygiene*26.2 (11/420)30.9 (74/2397)44.4 (19/428)47.2 (115/2438)
Oxytocin not administered before birthN/AN/A37.1 (47/1266)54.4 (87/1600)
Clean towel prepared30.2 (45/1492)30.2 (40/1325)44.9 (68/1515)48.9 (66/1351)
Clean blade prepared29.9 (70/2342)31.6 (15/475)46.2 (110/2382)49.6 (24/484)
Cord tie prepared30.3 (85/2805)0.0 (0/12)46.6 (133/2853)76.9 (1/13)
Mucus extractor prepared30.5 (82/2692)24.0 (3/125)46.1 (126/2736)61.5 (8/130)
Neonatal bag prepared30.0 (81/2701)34.5 (4/116)45.2 (124/2744)82.0 (10/122)
Clean pads prepared28.4 (59/2076)35.1 (26/741)44.5 (94/2111)53.0 (40/755)
Oxytocin administered post partum26.0 (37/1421)34.4 (48/1395)N/AN/A
Birth companion present (post partum)30.3 (85/2809)0.0 (0/7)46.9 (134/2858)0.0 (0/7)
Baby weight taken20.7 (50/2417)61.5 (22/358)N/AN/A
Baby’s temperature taken16.1 (8/498)28.1 (64/2277)N/AN/A
Skin-to-skin warming initiated24.1 (28/1164)27.3 (44/1611)N/AN/A
Skin-to-skin warming maintained for 1 hour36.5 (8/219)25.0 (64/2556)N/AN/A
Breastfeeding initiated17.6 (16/909)30.0 (56/1866)N/AN/A
Mother's blood pressure taken (at any time)27.2 (32/1177)38.2 (78/2041)41.8 (50/1195)55.8 (116/2079)
Mother’s temperature taken (at any time)29.4 (27/918)36.1 (83/2300)40.9 (38/929)54.6 (128/2345)
  • N/A: Practices not appropriate to be conducted in case of stillbirth.

  • *Proper hand hygiene defined as the birth attendant using gloves, soap and water OR gloves and alcohol rub.