Table 3

Associations between sociodemographic factors, knowledge and risk perception and intended protective caregiving behaviour

Expressing the intention to not touch the sick person or their bodily fluidsExpressing the intention to take more than one preventive behaviour
N (%)Adjusted OR*
(95% CI)
P valueN (%)Adjusted OR*
(95% CI)
P value
Age
 15–20324 (39.3)1.0 (Reference)427 (51.8)1.0 (Reference)
 21–35430 (37.6)0.93 (0.75 to 1.15)0.481579 (50.6)1.01 (0.81 to 1.25)0.952
 36–49285 (35.6)0.83 (0.65 to 1.04)0.110400 (50.0)0.97 (0.77 to 1.23)0.807
 50+289 (38.5)0.95 (0.74 to 1.21)0.656357 (47.6)0.92 (0.71 to 1.18)0.492
Gender
 Male667 (37.1)1.0 (Reference)890 (49.5)1.0 (Reference)
 Female661 (38.4)1.03 (0.88 to 1.22)0.691873 (50.7)1.05 (0.89 to 1.24)0.539
Education
 No formal468 (39.4)1.0 (Reference)567 (47.7)1.0 (Reference)
 Some primary/primary275 (41.2)1.01 (0.80 to 1.28)0.917352 (52.8)1.08 (0.85 to 1.37)0.519
 Secondary or above585 (35.2)0.88 (0.72 to 1.07)0.205844 (50.7)1.18 (0.96 to 1.45)0.113
Religion
 Islam889 (38.3)1.0 (Reference)1168 (50.3)1.0 (Reference)
 Christianity439 (36.7)1.05 (0.87 to 1.26)0.619595 (33.7)1.15 (0.96 to 1.39)0.082
Region
 Western area199 (24.6)1.0 (Reference)341 (42.2)1.0 (Reference)
 Northern province444 (35.9)2.06 (1.14 to 3.61)0.017609 (49.3)1.46 (0.70 to 3.01)0.311
 Eastern province495 (53.9)4.74 (2.55 to 8.81)0.000580 (63.2)2.94 (1.37 to 6.34)0.006
 Southern province190 (34.1)1.80 (0.90 to 3.71)0.099233 (41.8)0.92 (0.39 to 2.16)0.832
Ebola-specific knowledge
 Lower358 (31.5)1.0 (Reference)481 (42.3)1.0 (Reference)
 Higher970 (40.7)1.29 (1.01 to 1.54)0.0041282 (53.8)1.38 (1.16 to 1.63)0.000
Risk perception
 No793 (39.6)1.0 (Reference)1004 (50.2)1.0 (Reference)
 At least some535 (35.2)0.79 (0.67 to 0.93)0.006759 (50.0)1.15 (0.97 to 1.37)0.100
  • *Adjusted for age, gender, education, religion, region, Ebola-specific knowledge and risk perception.