Table 2

Distributions§ of the IDHIoverall, IDHIbeneficial and IDHIadverse by age, sex, region and country income group

N countriesN populationOverallBeneficialAdverse
Mean* (SD)Median5th
%tile
95th
%tile
Mean* (SD)Median5th
%tile
95th
%tile
Mean* (SD)Median5th
%tile
95th
%tile
Female186
 25–44984 854 338−0.019 (0.229)−0.113−0.6590.2310.402 (0.145)0.3520.1950.686−0.421 (0.167)−0.480−0.932−0.300
 45–69743 253 209−0.022 (0.180)−0.065−0.3560.2820.448 (0.154)0.3920.2350.763−0.470 (0.094)−0.474−0.674−0.342
 Over 70200 003 197−0.056 (0.118)−0.064−0.2660.1700.311 (0.139)0.2480.1320.569−0.367 (0.102)−0.314−0.543−0.213
Male186
 25–441,015,812,960−0.064 (0.276)−0.187−0.7170.3060.463 (0.208)0.3990.2290.907−0.527 (0.192)−0.617−1.054−0.384
 45–69726 208 097−0.072 (0.232)−0.118−0.4520.3770.491 (0.216)0.4150.2430.949−0.564 (0.121)−0.569−0.810−0.390
 Over 70147 841 030−0.094 (0.135)−0.094−0.3240.1470.317 (0.157)0.2350.1260.634−0.411 (0.122)−0.346−0.624−0.222
Regions
 Asia-Pacific high-income4132 906 6370.269 (0.139)0.032−0.2190.4150.699 (0.186)0.4340.2250.881−0.429 (0.069)−0.425−0.567−0.288
 Asia, Central941 602 522−0.337 (0.090)−0.345−0.472−0.2120.270 (0.057)0.2710.1380.397−0.607 (0.111)−0.637−0.768−0.397
 Asia, East3886 083 9430.045 (0.082)0.036−0.0980.2640.463 (0.075)0.4690.2300.600−0.419 (0.090)−0.397−0.520−0.230
 Asia, South6786 147 548−0.061 (0.086)−0.071−0.2280.1520.331 (0.062)0.3110.1450.494−0.392 (0.066)−0.381−0.510−0.229
 Asia, Southeast10330 409 4220.313 (0.175)0.272−0.2240.9030.829 (0.224)0.7970.3081.484−0.516 (0.090)−0.511−0.660−0.294
Australasia217 373 961−0.033 (0.075)−0.012−0.1260.1300.477 (0.125)0.5050.2690.759−0.511 (0.098)−0.516−0.639−0.289
 Caribbean1520 713 734−0.334 (0.236)−0.165−0.6880.1210.337 (0.109)0.3410.1770.653−0.670 (0.224)−0.544−0.998−0.246
 Europe, Central1384 665 495−0.223 (0.093)−0.210−0.378−0.0390.375 (0.110)0.3510.1780.505−0.598 (0.115)−0.556−0.735−0.302
 Europe, Eastern7146 675 760−0.143 (0.073)−0.227−0.367−0.0910.448 (0.111)0.3850.2070.582−0.591 (0.114)−0.624−0.755−0.375
 Europe, Western22301 108 836−0.021 (0.189)−0.018−0.3570.4300.511 (0.190)0.4780.2340.998−0.532 (0.113)−0.527−0.725−0.283
 Latin America, Andean326 539 275−0.211 (0.149)−0.234−0.431−0.0540.366 (0.081)0.3180.1470.446−0.578 (0.133)−0.553−0.762−0.273
 Latin America, Central9117 832 406−0.642 (0.224)−0.466−0.892−0.1590.306 (0.089)0.2910.1530.438−0.949 (0.258)−0.785−1.225−0.341
 Latin America, Southern335 797 158−0.083 (0.125)−0.070−0.1820.1640.383 (0.139)0.3390.1690.651−0.466 (0.083)−0.447−0.540−0.225
 Latin America, Tropical2114 777 856−0.312 (0.038)−0.316−0.379−0.1830.259 (0.048)0.2580.1290.313−0.571 (0.081)−0.588−0.673−0.313
 North Africa and Middle East19224 905 818−0.0003 (0.159)−0.090−0.2060.0480.482 (0.161)0.3850.1740.573−0.482 (0.068)−0.495−0.609−0.283
 North America high-income2226 423 071−0.336 (0.116)−0.231−0.454−0.1000.335 (0.062)0.3410.1910.406−0.670 (0.150)−0.599−0.800−0.313
 Oceania93 884 113−0.042 (0.099)−0.003−0.2630.1630.464 (0.103)0.4980.2320.767−0.506 (0.114)−0.532−0.754−0.254
 Sub-Saharan Africa, Central632 798 304−0.081 (0.126)−0.133−0.285−0.0020.374 (0.067)0.3420.1730.461−0.455 (0.106)−0.470−0.621−0.247
 Sub-Saharan Africa, East17129 488 615−0.085 (0.102)−0.039−0.2170.1770.338 (0.081)0.3380.1550.834−0.423 (0.102)−0.397−0.783−0.200
 Sub-Saharan Africa, Southern632 698 017−0.296 (0.063)−0.228−0.392−0.1010.205 (0.037)0.2290.1180.324−0.501 (0.075)−0.478−0.609−0.239
 Sub-Saharan Africa, West19125 140 338−0.002 (0.070)−0.028−0.2000.1160.443 (0.108)0.4360.1940.650−0.445 (0.079)−0.470−0.668−0.254
Income level
 High income47755 154 921−0.082 (0.259)−0.087−0.3970.3860.477 (0.198)0.3970.1940.931−0.560 (0.145)−0.526−0.758−0.282
 Upper middle income521 527 356 212−0.052 (0.258)−0.146−0.6050.3030.452 (0.189)0.3640.1640.865−0.504 (0.181)−0.537−0.953−0.264
 Lower middle Income511 212 401 697−0.022 (0.183)−0.115−0.4560.2620.430 (0.196)0.3610.1640.795−0.452 (0.108)−0.505−0.790−0.259
 Low income36323 060 0000.038 (0.162)−0.039−0.3170.2270.427 (0.161)0.3500.1520.679−0.389 (0.096)−0.424−0.633−0.225
  • *Means and SDs are weighted by country population.

  • †The distribution is present using the median, fifth percentile and 95th percentile of the country–age–sex specific IDHI in each geographic/demographic subgroup.

  • IDHI, International Diet-Health Index.