Table 1

Participant characteristics at baseline by study arm (n=312 retained)

OverallStudy arm
Overall
(n=312)
n (%)
Control
(n=155)
n (%)
Intervention (n=157) n (%)P-value across arms
Study site
 Korogocho131 (41.99)62 (40.00)69 (43.95)0.74
 Dandora105 (33.65)55 (35.48)50 (31.85)
 Huruma76 (24.36)38 (24.52)38 (24.20)
Age26.52 (4.70)26.34 (4.73)26.71 (4.69)0.49
Ethnicity
 Kikuyu126 (40.38)65 (41.94)61 (38.85)0.98
 Luo84 (26.92)41 (26.45)43 (27.39)
 Luhya48 (15.38)23 (14.84)25 (15.92)
 Borana11 (3.53)5 (3.23)6 (3.82)
 Kamba31 (9.94)16 (10.32)15 (9.55)
 Other12 (3.85)5 (3.23)7 (4.46)
Religion
 Christian288 (92.31)142 (91.61)146 (92.99)0.49
 Muslim23 (7.37)13 (8.39)10 (6.37)
 Other1 (0.32)0 (0.00)1 (0.64)
Recent migration to Nairobi79 (25.32)39 (25.16)40 (25.48)0.95
Current relationship status
 Boyfriend40 (12.82)19 (12.26)21 (13.38)0.69
 Husband265 (84.94)134 (86.45)131 (83.44)
 Separated3 (0.96)1 (0.65)2 (1.27)
 Other4 (1.28)1 (0.65)3 (1.91)
Lives with current partner268 (85.90)133 (85.81)135 (85.99)0.96
Number of children2.06 (1.14)2.05 (1.17)2.07 (1.12)0.89
Highest level of education completed
 Primary or less160 (51.28)76 (49.03)84 (53.50)0.75
 Some secondary80 (25.64)42 (27.10)38 (24.20)
 Secondary62 (19.87)32 (20.65)30 (19.11)
 Vocational8 (2.56)4 (2.58)4 (2.55)
 University or higher2 (0.64)1 (0.65)1 (0.64)
Currently unemployed294 (94.23)147 (94.84)147 (93.63)0.65
Concurrent partner (participant)28 (8.97)13 (8.39)15 (9.55)0.72
Concurrent partner (partner)175 (56.09)91 (58.71)84 (53.50)0.37
  • Italics indicate continuous variable reporting mean and SD.