Table 2

Adult-report and child-report of child maltreatment outcomes based on the ISPCAN Child Abuse Screening Tool-Intervention (ICAST-I) using an intention-to-treat analysis and adjusting for differences at baseline

Parent-report (n=248)Child-report (n=176)
Pre
M (SD)
Post
M (SD)
IRR*95% CIICCPre
M (SD)
Post
M (SD)
IRR*95% CIICC
Overall child maltreatment0.1350.365
 A+P7.19 (9.93)2.19 (3.91)0.400.24 to 0.6512.93 (20.92)5.20 (8.99)0.400.17 to 0.92
 A-only3.38 (5.30)2.71 (5.55)0.600.37 to 0.9511.38 (20.75)15.45 (29.83)1.290.62 to 2.70
 P-only6.43 (10.56)1.87 (3.89)0.360.21 to 0.6312.82 (24.01)10.03 (19.61)0.780.36 to 1.68
 Controls4.63 (5.99)4.79 (9.55)5.62 (10.62)8.52 (13.14)
Physical abuse0.1260.241
 A+P3.22 (4.94)0.74 (1.74)0.320.17 to 0.623.80 (7.56)1.31 (3.29)0.500.19 to 1.30
 A-only1.24 (2.18)1.00 (2.24)0.520.28 to 1.002.94 (6.94)5.39 (12.34)2.261.00 to 5.12
 P-only2.88 (4.48)0.77 (1.62)0.340.18 to 0.664.55 (9.64)2.21 (4.14)0.990.34 to 2.35
 Controls1.75 (2.93)2.04 (4.08)1.90 (5.50)2.36 (5.00)
Emotional abuse0.0830.386
 A+P3.53 (5.46)0.71 (1.69)0.320.18 to 0.574.20 (8.30)1.51 (3.46)0.270.08 to 0.89
 A-only1.11 (1.78)0.96 (1.84)0.570.34 to 1.194.44 (7.81)4.98 (11.50)1.050.32 to 3.40
 P-only2.75 (6.17)0.52 (1.52)0.270.13 to 0.594.50 (10.20)4.88 (10.64)0.920.30 to 2.88
 Controls2.32 (4.02)2.00 (5.15)2.51 (5.46)2.42 (4.49)
Sexual abuse0.169
 A+P0.08 (0.33)0.02 (0.13)3.690.33 to 40.850.03 (0.16)0.26 (0.58)0.660.25 to 1.76
 A-only0.10 (0.42)0.06 (0.29)2.930.28 to 32.030.20 (0.53)0.20 (0.55)0.670.24 to 1.88
 P-only0.07 (0.32)0.13 (0.44)5.850.51 to 66.480.24 (0.59)0.15 (0.50)0.460.14 to 1.52
 Controls0.19 (0.55)0.10 (0.41)0.20 (0.50)0.24 (0.61)
Neglect0.2100.248
 A+P0.48 (0.95)0.74 (1.83)1.210.51 to 2.844.93 (7.43)2.38 (4.54)0.440.18 to 1.08
 A-only1.03 (2.50)0.75 (2.32)0.720.31 to 1.714.00 (8.06)5.09 (9.21)1.310.58 to 2.92
 P-only0.80 (1.96)0.58 (1.51)0.680.28 to 1.653.76 (7.21)2.94 (5.61)0.560.23 to 1.36
 Controls0.57 (1.43)0.75 (2.06)1.21 (2.38)3.74 (7.78)
  • *IRR for child maltreatment outcome based on comparisons of postassessment scores for each treatment arm with the control arm using Poisson regression analyses and controlling for baseline differences. Significant effects are in bold (95% CI not crossing 1.00); borderline effects are in italics (95% CI crossover within ±0.10 of 1.00).

  • †No reliable ICC estimate possible.

  • A-only, agribusiness only; A+P, agribusiness plus parenting; ICC, intraclass correlation coefficient; IRR, incidence risk ratio; P-only, parenting only.