Table 1

Socioeconomic and health indicators for China and other E7 countries

ChinaIndiaBrazilMexicoRussiaIndonesiaTurkey
19902000201020172017
GNI per capita, PPP (current international $)*9902900929016 800695015 27018 21025 12011 91027 640
GDP growth (annual %)*3.918.4910.646.907.171.062.041.655.077.44
Human Development Index (HDI)†0.500.590.710.750.640.760.770.820.690.79
Life expectancy at birth, total (years)*69.372.075.276.468.875.777.372.169.476.0
Maternal mortality ratio (modelled estimate, per 100 000 live births)*‡9759362914560331717717
Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1000 live births)§53.836.815.89.339.414.813.47.625.411.6
Mortality rate, neonatal (per 1000 live births)§29.521.48.44.7248.57.63.312.45.9
  • The E7 (short for ‘Emerging 7’) is the seven countries, China, India, Brazil, Mexico, Russia, Indonesia and Turkey, grouped together because of their major emerging economies (cited in Wikipedia).

  • *Source: The World Bank.

  • †Source: United Nations Development Program (UNDP).

  • ‡Source: WHO.

  • §Source: UNICEF.

  • GDP, gross domestic product; GNI, gross national income; PPP, purchasing power parity.