Table 4

Sources of financing reported by individuals with NCDS and HTN to pay for healthcare expenditures: PURE Study

Participant groupCountry income groupUsed income/savingsSold items (eg, land, property and jewellery)Borrowed from relatives or friendsBorrowed from financial institutions
N%95% CIN%95% CIN%95% CIN%95% CI
Individuals with NCDHigh375877.974.0 to 81.436790.60.4 to 1.036800.80.4 to 1.436781.81.1 to 2.8
Upper middle769658.146.9 to 68.574880.50.3 to 0.874881.91.1 to 3.274880.60.4 to 0.9
Lower middle400777.370.9 to 82.639091.40.9 to 2.2390910.17.4 to 13.639082.41.5 to 3.6
Low55778.561.0 to 89.55085.92.7 to 12.350812.84.9 to 29.45080.20.0 to 1.7
China586181.469.3 to 89.455202.21.0 to 4.655202.81.4 to 5.455200.60.3 to 1.2
Individuals with HTN onlyHigh242281.878.2 to 84.923870.80.5 to 1.323870.50.3 to 0.923871.71.1 to 2.6
Upper middle591254.442.1 to 66.257580.60.3 to 1.057581.60.8 to 3.157580.50.3 to 0.8
Lower middle271271.162.6 to 78.326401.10.7 to 1.726407.05.2 to 9.326401.61.0 to 2.5
Low46971.459.5 to 81.043211.36.0 to 20.54327.63.6 to 15.34320.50.1 to 2.1
China596085.478.3 to 90.555012.71.4 to 5.155013.11.5 to 6.555010.90.4 to 1.9
  • HTN, hypertension; NCDs, non-communicable diseases.