Table 1

Major themes of continued nursing education

Training strategies
Train-the-trainerThe train-the-trainer model allows for scalability of training to prepare those who deliver training for knowledge dissemination to large numbers of trainees
Short, repeated educationThe low-dose, high-frequency training approach is defined as short, targeted learning activities that are spaced out over time and reinforced with ongoing review sessions to reinforce learnt material and introduce new material
Comprehensive education with multiple modalitiesThe use of interactive techniques to engage the learner, provide simulated practice and offer feedback to suit each participant's needs
Training aidsTraining aids can help participants whose learning styles vary. Types of aids can be broken down into three subcategories: paper-based supplements, audiovisual learning modalities and simulation models
Nurse empowermentThe empowerment of nurses to perform at high levels within their responsibilities and take on leadership roles in practice is crucial to improve patient outcomes and teamwork in healthcare settings
PartnershipsCollaborations between institutions in high-income and low/middle-income countries draw on the expertise, skills, knowledge and resources acquired in high-income countries to aid in the delivery of care in low-resource settings
Cultural contextTo design an effective training that is specific to a community, an understanding of the values, language, culture and attitudes of a given population is essential for communication and interaction
Assessment/feedbackShort-term and long-term assessment and feedback are essential to evaluate the effectiveness and impact of a training. It is crucial to have participant feedback to tailor the training for long-term knowledge retention and behaviour change