Table 3

Description of frameworks derived from reports that have progressed beyond the first stage screening

ReferenceName of framework, if anyRelevant to theory of change?Useful for responders or evaluators?Encompasses design to outcome stages?Progressed to narrative synthesis?
Heyse et al9Humanitarian Analysis and Intervention Design (H-AID) frameworkYesYes—responder focusedYesYes
Wong et al25Framework for the longitudinal phases of disastersYesNo—academic focusedYes—covers all stages of a responseNo
Puri et al29Stages of emergency frameworkNoNo—academic focusedNo—focused on impactNo
OECD/DAC30Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) framework for evaluating complex emergenciesYes—can be used to explore how response outputs are performingYes—evaluator focusedYes—focused on outcomesYes
Murphy et al21RE-AIM frameworkYesYes—evaluator focusedYes—focused on implementation of activities and potential impactYes
Moore et al23Framework for process evaluation of complex interventionYes—can be used to explore if activities are implemented as intended and relationship to outcomeYes—evaluator focusedYes—focused on processesYes
Ciglene et al10Decision-making framework for vaccination in acute humanitarian emergenciesYes—can be used in one key epidemic response activity (vaccination)Yes—responder focusedYesYes
Altay and Labonte11Integrated complexity-information flow impediment frameworkYes—information generation and flow (surveillance)Yes—responder/decision-makers focusedYes—process and outcome of informationYes
Huicho et al31Framework for measuring efforts to increase access to health workers in underserved areasNoYes—evaluator focusedYes—covers from design to impactNo
Oppenheim et al32Epidemic Preparedness Index frameworkYes—response activitiesNo—academic focusedNo—preparedness focusedNo
Burnham et al; Dobai and Tallada; Fogden et al; IFRC; Lam and Ly; Thormar; Darcy et al14–18 33–35IFRC and UNICEF frameworksYesYes—evaluator focusedYes—covers all stages of a responseYes
Nickerson et al36Health systems frameworkYes—can be used to explore input and impact of epidemic responseNo—academic focusedYesNo
Fitter et al37CDC’s Essential Package of Health Services framework for HaitiYes—can be used to explore how research underlays responseYes—evaluator/academic focusedNo—focused primarily in resilienceNo
Heitzinger et al38Unnamed frameworkYes—evidence-based decision-makingYes—responder focusedYes—processYes
Jordans et al39Care utilisation modelNoNo—academic focusedYes—focused feasibility in design and implementation of package of serviceNo
Chung and Chung40CBR frameworkNoYes—evaluator focusNo—focused on impactNo
Checchi et al41 42Conceptual framework of public health information domains in crisesYes—can be used to understand chain of causality that affects epidemicsNo—academic focusedNo—focused on impact of drivers on mortalityNo
Seeger et al19Emergency risk communication (ERC) conceptual modelYes—can be used to explore community outreachYes—evaluator focusedYes—focused on outcomes of ERC and processesYes
Khan et al43Resilience framework for public health emergency preparednessNoNo—academic focusedNo—resilience focusedNo
Campbell et al44Framework for assessment of the role of the global strategy in supporting the joining of organisations in MyanmarNoNo—academic focusedNoNo
Tumilowicz et al
Implementation research frameworkNoNo—academic focusedYes—process of implementationNo
Kapiriri and Be LaRose46Kapiriri and Martin’s priority setting evaluation frameworkYes—prioritisation of interventions and of diseases to respond toYes—responder/decision-making focusedYes—process of prioritisationYes
Figueroa47Ideation model and pathways frameworkNoNo—academic focusedNoNo
Desie and Ismail48Accountability to Affected Population (AAP)Yes—can be used to explore community outreach interventionNo—academic focusedYes—used in processNo
Task Force on Quality Control of Disaster Management49Longitudinal frameworkNoNo—academic focusedNoNo
VM et al50Predictive evaluation frameworkNoNo—academic focusedNoNo
de Jong et al51de Jong’s public health prioritisation frameworkYes—can be used to explore prioritisation of alternative epidemic control interventionsYes—responder/academic focusedYes—focused on programme designYes
Abramson et al52Resilience activation frameworkNoNo—academic focusedNo—resilience focusedNo
Savoia et al20Risk Communications Evaluation (RICE) frameworkYes—can be used to explore community outreach interventionNo—academic/evaluator focusedYesYes
Sambala et al53Standardised checklistYes—can be adapted to explore activities and process in ongoing epidemicYes—responder focusedNo—preparedness focusedNo
Lin et al54Unnamed frameworkYes—can be used to explore the structure of the responseYes—evaluatorYes—impactYes
Van Beurden et al55Cynefin frameworkNoNo—academic focusedNoNo
D’Ostie-Racine et al56Wholey’s (2004) frameworkNoNo—academic focusedNoNo
  • CBR, community-based rehabilitation; CDC, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; IFRC, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies; RE-AIM, Reach, Efficacy, Adoption, Implementation and Maintenance.