Table 3

Evidence concerning mechanisms

Evidence forEvidence againstMixed evidenceOverall
Mobilisation activitiesQualitativeQuantitativeQualitativeQuantitativeQualitativeQuantitativeConfidence
Group participation42 43 461 44 45NoneNoneNone47Low
Group deliberation37 48–50 52–56NoneNoneNoneNoneNoneMedium
Informal information sharing37 44 46 48 54 57–6157 58 62NoneNone30NoneLow
Informal social support37 44 46 48 52 5747 58 65 66None643040 45Low
Collective action46 48 56 60 61 67–69 7146 47 56 65 66 72 85NoneNone30 37 50 58 70NoneLow
Mediating capacitiesQualitativeQuantitativeQualitativeQuantitativeQualitativeQuantitativeOverall confidence
Individual level
Critical consciousness37 48 50 51 53NoneNoneNone49NoneLow
Attitudes and norms relevant to a health issue59 7162 71 75NoneNone4476Low
Self-concept37 58 60 7247 75None404466Low
Technical knowledge/skills48 53 56 60 6156 62 71 77 78NoneNoneNoneNoneMedium
Practical knowledge/skillsNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNone
Household level
Women’s position in the household59 7272None81 825476Low
Collective level
Social cohesion46 52 6045–4743 59 838650 5540Low
Civic attitudes and normsNone44 46 65 85NoneNoneNone40 45 64 66 84Low
Self-governance68 78None83None4673 86Low
Institutional linkage48 56 61 6756NoneNoneNone74Low