Table 1

Health facility and patient characteristics at baseline

Boane
(T)
Urban
n (%)/mean (SD)
Malhangalene
(T)
Urban
n (%)/mean (SD)
Quissico
(T)
Rural
n (%)/mean (SD)
Machava II
(C)
Urban
n (%)/mean (SD)
Facility characteristics*
 Mean ANC nurses†2.4 (1.0)1.6 (0.5)1.9 (0.4)2.6 (0.9)
 Mean ANC auxiliary nurses2.2 (0.6)1.2 (0.4)4.1 (0.9)2.3 (0.5)
 Number of ANC visits per day25.4 (7.9)21.2 (8.7)22.9 (12.9)40.0 (19.0)
 n20182020
Patient characteristics‡
 Mean age23.4 (5.0)24.5 (5.5)26.6 (5.5)23.5 (4.1)
 Mean travel time to facility (min)47.8 (29.9)33.6 (35.7)70.5 (39.8)36.2 (23.2)
 Mean household size5.2 (2.6)6.0 (3.0)5.1 (2.8)4.7 (2.2)
 Per cent married26 (90)21 (75)26 (81)22 (73)
 Per cent worked for money8 (28)8 (29)17 (53)7 (23)
 Per cent responsible for child care§16 (55)13 (46)23 (72)11 (37)
 n29283230
Study outcomes at baseline
 Mean waiting time281.6 (126.3)178.8 (87.1)128.2 (86.7)175.6 (93.0)
 n¶505377433432
 Per cent with ≥4 ANC visits490 (52)236 (39)528 (58)1380 (70)
 n**9416059111976
  • *Staff and ANC visit numbers collected during round 1 of waiting time data collection.

  • †Included both nurses employed by the Ministry of Health who are permanently based at the health facility and temporary staff employed by non-governmental organisations.

  • ‡Data from women ≥18 years old between 16 and 22 weeks pregnant surveyed during round 1 of ANC exit interviews.

  • §Survey question included both the respondent’s own children and other children.

  • ¶Round 1 of waiting time data among women who received antenatal care in September/October 2016 in Malhangalene and in October/November 2016 in Boane, Machava II and Quissico.

  • **Administrative data from facility records documenting the number of antenatal care visits obtained during pregnancy among women who came for their first antenatal care visit between 1 April and 31 October 2016.

  • ANC, antenatal care.