Table 2

Effect of health equity fund (HEF) on monthly utilisation of health facilities 2006–2013

VariablesHealth centresReferral hospitals
No of new consultation casesNo of newborn deliveryNo of outpatient consultationNo of inpatient casesNo of newborn deliveries
HEF effect:
Underlying time trend (slope)7.8(7.0, 8.6)1.5(1.5, 1.6)24.2(10.2, 38.2)6.4(3.7, 8.9)−7.5 (−17.9, 2.9)
Level change at point of HEF introduction88.3(82.0, 94.6)0.5(0.4, 0.7)1.2 (−69.0, 71.5)38.6(25.9, 51.2)10.7 (−20.9, 42.4)
Slope change at the point of HEF introduction3.7(1.4, 5.9)−0.1 (−0.1, 0.0)59.2(43.8, 74.6)29.4(26.6, 32.3)15.1(4.8, 25.6)
Seasonal effect:
JanuaryREFREFREFREFREF
February23.7(−30.2, 17.2)1.8(−2.0, 1.7)−0.6 (−70.6, 69.4)19.2(−32.2, 6.2)11.5(−15.9, 7.1)
March39.1(−45.6, 32.6)2.2(−2.4, 2.0)−13.4 (−83.2, 56.5)17.7(−30.7, 4.7)11.7(−16.0, 7.4)
April81.2(−87.7, 74.7)1.8(−2.0, 1.7)−63.9 (−133.7, 5.9)19.2(−32.2, 6.2)8.7(−13.0, 4.4)
May47.8(−54.3, 41.3)2.2(−2.4, 2.0)−16.6 (−86.1, 52.8)−7.3 (−20.2, 5.7)13.0(−17.3, 8.6)
June10.4(3.9, 16.9)2.5(−2.7, 2.3)39.5 (−30.3, 109.4)22.3(9.3, 35.4)15.6(−20.0, 11.4)
July23.9(17.5, 30.5)3.0(−3.2, 2.8)86.6(16.6, 156.5)46.5(33.4, 59.6)15.7(−20.1, 11.3)
August19.8(13.3, 26.3)2.3(−2.5, 2.1)110.8(41.0, 180.5)39.1(26.0, 52.1)14.8(−19.2, 10.5)
September5.6 (−1.1, 11.9)1.9(−2.1, 1.7)52.8 (−16.7, 122.3)23.7(10.7, 36.7)7.3(−11.6, 2.9)
October72.6(66.1, 79.1)1.2(−1.4, 0.9)64.2 (−5.2, 133.7)35.7(22.7, 48.7)−1.4 (−5.7, 2.9)
November6.4 (−0.1, 12.9)0.9(−1.1, 0.7)8.4 (−51.2, 77.9)19.4(6.4, 32.3)−2.5 (−6.8, 1.8)
December52.0(−58.5, 45.5)1.5(−1.6, 1.3)60.8 (−8.8, 130.3)−5.3 (−18.3, 7.8)−1.7 (−6.0, 2.5)
Concurrent policies (control variables):
With contracting52.3(44.9, 59.6)0.7(0.5, 0.9)183.4(32.1, 334.7)22.0 (−9.8, 54.0)−37.2 (−76.7, 2.2)
With voucher22.8(17.4, 28.3)1.6(1.4, 1.7)−34.8 (−96.3, 26.7)16.6(5.7, 27.6)10.7(6.3, 15.0)
With Subo16.6 (−99.9, 133.1)43.3(21.6, 65.1)
With GAVI−3.8 (−98.9, 91.4)35.6(17.6, 53.6)−4.7 (−13.7, 4.2)
With MWI87.4(−145.2, 29.6)47.0(−57.6, 36.4)3.1 (−1.9, 8.0)
  • Note: bold denotes a significance level of 5%.

  • GAVI, Global Alliance for Vaccine Initiatives; MWI, Mid-Wife Incentive.