Table 2

Median (IQR) of the mean haemoglobin concentration and prevalence of total and moderate+severe anaemia in non-pregnant women 15–49 years of age residing in 108 different UNHCR refugee settings across 23 countries, 2013–2016

Mean hb (g/L), Survey Median (IQR)Prevalence of total anaemia,* Survey Median (IQR)Prevalence of moderate +severe anaemia,† Survey Median (IQR)Per cent of surveys with severe public health problem‡
By survey
Total126 (122–131)27.9 (18.2–39.8)11.4 (6.5–19.4)24.5
Region
 Eastern and Southern Africa127 (124–130)26.6 (19.0–32.8)9.1 (6.2–14.7)8.6
 Ethiopia125 (122–130)29.8 (18.4–38.8)12.1 (5.9–19.8)24.3
 West and Central Africa118 (116–121)50.7 (42.1–57.1)25.5 (19.5–31.3)83.3
 Chad132 (128–133)18.2 (15.2–24.1)8.2 (4.9–11.4)4.8
 Middle East and North Africa123 (120–126)32.6 (24.3–44.1)16.5 (13.2–21.1)36.4
 South Asia127 (125–129)23.3 (19.0–31.6)8.1 (6.3–10.1)0.0
Year
 2013127 (122–131)27.8 (17.7–39.7)10.4 (6.3–21.4)24.0
 2014126 (122–129)26.5 (22.0–38.8)11.4 (8.1–18.9)23.1
 2015125 (121–132)31.1 (16.1–42.1)12.1 (5.9–19.4)26.2
 2016128 (122–132)24.3 (16.6–39.2)10.4 (5.3–17.2)23.5
By setting§
Total126 (122–130)29.3 (18.1–39.1)12.3 (6.6–19.0)24.1
Region
 Eastern and Southern Africa127 (124–130)26.6 (18.1–32.8)9.3 (6.2–15.4)8.1
 Ethiopia130 (123–135)18.9 (13.4–33.6)7.5 (5.6–15.0)15.0
 West and Central Africa119 (116–122)51.2 (40.2–57.1)24.0 (19.4–31.5)75.0
 Chad130 (125–133)20.9 (15.4–31.0)10.1 (5.4–14.3)10.5
 Middle East and North Africa123 (120–123)32.6 (31.9–42.9)16.5 (13.4–18.3)33.3
 South Asia127 (126–128)24.7 (23.3–26.8)8.1 (7.4–10.1)0.0
  • *Total anaemia defined as Hb <120 g/L.

  • †Moderate+severe anaemia defined as Hb <100 g/L.

  • ‡Severe public health problem defined as prevalence of total anaemia ≥40%.

  • §Median value for each indicator across all surveys conducted in a given setting (refugee camp or non-camp site).

  • Hb, haemoglobin; UNHCR, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.