(1) | (2) | (3) | (4) | (5) | (6) | (7) | (8) | |

Admissions | Costs of admissions (BRL) | |||||||

Dep. Var. | 1–4 years old | 5–19 years old | 20 or plus years old | All people | 1–4 years old | 5–19 years old | 20 or plus years old | All people |

POSTXMDP | −0.874* | −0.198 | −0.502* | −0.461* | −8.965 | −45.343 | −451.305** | −415.263*** |

(0.523) | (0.177) | (0.267) | (0.238) | (121.904) | (47.834) | (203.381) | (141.458) | |

2014XMDP | −0.397 | −0.131 | −0.441** | −0.370** | 16.232 | −86.098 | −355.405 | −413.823*** |

(0.424) | (0.155) | (0.208) | (0.187) | (153.436) | (55.396) | (238.234) | (133.814) | |

2015XMDP | −0.747 | −0.097 | −0.162 | −0.200 | −60.001 | 70.963 | −528.963** | −309.932** |

(0.531) | (0.176) | (0.269) | (0.235) | (160.589) | (56.140) | (251.899) | (156.732) | |

2016XMDP | −0.653 | −0.116 | −0.420 | −0.370 | 106.702 | −118.593 | −589.758** | −432.708** |

(0.621) | (0.203) | (0.303) | (0.268) | (187.394) | (79.910) | (275.583) | (174.274) | |

2017XMDP | −0.337 | −0.088 | −0.720** | −0.532 | 10.280 | −57.394 | −394.777 | −528.460** |

(0.777) | (0.256) | (0.362) | (0.324) | (171.099) | (66.214) | (310.762) | (208.146) | |

Observations | 47 230 | 47 230 | 47 230 | 47 230 | 47 230 | 47 230 | 47 230 | 47 230 |

R-squared | 0.662 | 0.718 | 0.776 | 0.780 | 0.207 | 0.155 | 0.487 | 0.711 |

Mean Dep.Var. | 21.56 | 8.064 | 18.55 | 16.13 | 1318 | 510.8 | 11 211 | 11 093 |

No. of clusters | 4723 | 4723 | 4723 | 4723 | 4723 | 4723 | 4723 | 4723 |

The table presents estimates of the effects of MDP on the number of age-standardised ambulatory admissions and the costs (in BRL), by age group (1–4 years old, 5–19 years old, 20 and plus years old and all people). The number of admissions and costs are expressed per 1000 people. The estimates are from a difference-in-differences estimation where ‘POST’ takes value one if the year is after 2013 (2014–2017), and ‘MDP’ is an indicator for whether the municipality has at least an MDP doctor. The analysis is restricted to the sample of municipalities

*matched*by the propensity score approach. Municipality and time fixed effects are included. SE are clustered at the municipality level. Significantly different than zero at 99 (***), 95 (**), 90 (*) per cent confidence.