Table 4

The effects of More Doctors Programme (MDP) on the number of age-standardised ambulatory admissions (1000 people) and costs (1000 people, in BRL) for all people, by international classification of diseases (ICD) group

(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)(8)(9)(10)
Infectious gastroenteritisBacterial pneumoniasAsthmaKidney and urinary tract infectionsPelvic inflammatory disease
AdmissionsCostsAdmissionsCostsAdmissionsCostsAdmissionsCostsAdmissionsCosts
Panel A: DiD
POSTXMDP−0.272*−34.512*−0.182*−34.903*−0.009−9.778−0.073−14.323**−0.075**−1.527*
(0.159)(19.939)(0.100)(19.244)(0.102)(10.728)(0.125)(6.218)(0.034)(0.845)
Observations55 67955 67955 67955 67955 67955 67955 67955 67955 67955 679
R-squared0.2790.3740.2260.3130.1920.2890.1570.1850.1120.125
Mean Dep.Var.3.375355.30.991133.11.12187.191.723710.1934.505
No. of clusters5570557055705570557055705570557055705570
Panel B: DiD +PSM
POSTXMDP−0.240−25.775−0.148−26.318−0.015−12.934−0.107−16.148**−0.080**−1.491*
(0.166)(20.898)(0.105)(20.455)(0.107)(11.316)(0.130)(6.468)(0.035)(0.861)
Observations47 23047 23047 23047 23047 23047 23047 23047 23047 23047 230
R-squared0.2730.3670.2260.3180.1900.2930.1590.1870.1130.124
Mean Dep.Var.3.345348.20.995134.61.11487.081.77673.570.1834.151
No. of clusters4723472347234723472347234723472347234723
  • The table presents estimates of the effects of MDP in the number of ambulatory admissions and the costs (in BRL) for the sample of all people, by ICD group. Results are shown for the following groups: infectious gastroenteritis and complications, bacterial pneumonias, asthma, kidney and urinary tract infectious and pelvic inflammatory disease, respectively. The number of admissions and costs are expressed per 1000 people. The estimates are from a difference-in-differences (DiD) (panel A), and a difference-in-differences and propensity score matching (panel B) estimation where ‘POST’ takes value one if the year is after 2013 (2014–2017), and ‘MDP’ is an indicator for whether the municipality has at least an MDP doctor. In panel B, the analysis is restricted to the sample of municipalities matched by the propensity score approach. Municipality and time fixed effects are included. SE are clustered at the municipality level. Significantly different than zero at 99 (***), 95 (**), 90 (*) per cent confidence.