Table 2

Inequality in the proportion of births to women aged 15–49 years who received four or more ANC visits by indicator, region and subgroup, 2017

Relative measure
(unweighted pairwise ratio)
Absolute measure
(unweighted average absolute mean difference from highest subgroup category)
Population impact measure
(number of additional births with 4+ANC visits if all were like the highest subgroup category (000 s))
 Eastern Africa1.341.991.531.
 Middle Africa1.081.691.641.
 Western Africa1.323.091.841.190.070.360.330.09558430231361036
 Northern Africa1.171.731.
 South Asia1.543.531.631.370.090.320.250.15818984165003817
 Southeast Asia1.081.501.
 Western Asia1.211.981.971.350.070.240.400.21116809592621
Latin America and the Caribbean
 Central America1.
 South America1.
  • Highlighted cells indicate the subgroup with the highest inequality within a region for each measure of inequality used. Subgroup categories are as follows: age (15–19, 20–24, 25–34 and 35–49 years), household wealth (five quintiles), residence (rural or urban) and parity (one birth or two or more births).

  • ANC, antenatal care.