Table 2

Association between self-reported proficiency level and the level assigned to competencies

Assigned proficiency level to competencies*
Self-reported proficiency level†Basic awarenessBeginnerIntermediateAdvancedExpertχ2 (p value)
Basic awareness
(n=186) (%)
8 (4.3)39 (21.0)56 (30.1)38 (20.4)45 (24.2)34.16 (p<0.001)
Beginner
(n=434) (%)
45 (10.4)158 (36.4)108 (24.9)64 (14.7)59 (13.6)98.60 (p<0.001)
Intermediate‡
(n=992) (%)
6 (0.6)80 (8.1)398 (40.1)259 (26.1)243 (24.5)489.51 (p<0.001)
Advanced
(n=1054) (%)
39 (3.7)63 (6.0)273 (25.9)480 (45.5)197 (18.7)607.83 (p<0.001)
Expert
(n=124) (%)
0 (0.0)1 (0.8)21 (16.9)13 (10.5)89 (71.8)220.03 (p<0.001)
  • *Assigned proficiency level was determined by identifying the frequency of assignment of all competencies and sub-comptencies to different levels (ie, basic awareness, beginner, intermediate, advanced, expert) by survey respondents who self-reported their proficiency to a specific level. For example, the frequency total for all competencies for those who identified as basic awareness is 186, and of this total, 8 competencies were assigned to the basic awareness level, 39 competencies were assigned to the beginner level, and so on.

  • Self-reported proficiency level was determined by identifying the frequency of survey respondents that self-identified their overall proficiency in IR to different levels (ie, basic awareness, beginner, intermediate, advanced, expert) for all competencies and sub-competencies. For example, there were three respondents who reported their proficiency level as basic awareness, and they each assigned proficiency levels to 62 statements for a frequency total of 186.

  • ‡Assignment data were missing (<0.1%) for some respondents under these categories.

  • IR, implementation research.