Table 1

Publishing growth by country

Article numbers by country
YearsIranTurkeyKSAEgyptUAEIraqUSAChinaUKGermanyIndiaMiddle EastWorld
1988–200214 51845 50025 06138 023451224174 822 432267 2071 246 416446 951127 581348 20516 539 794
2003–2017443 041484 735145 458159 82542 49918 9008 794 3284 987 3782 544 3582 222 8921 323 7011 689 31136 183 366
Growth Index 13.95 4.87 2.65 1.92 4.31 3.57 0.84 8.53 0.93 2.27 4.74 2.22 1
  • Scientific growth of each country was calculated as ((article # during interval 2 for each country) ÷ (article # during interval 1 for each country))/((article # during interval 2 for world) ÷ (article # during interval 1 for world)). Iran’s scientific growth (2003–2017) was 13.9 times the global average.

  • KSA, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; UAE, United Arab Emirates; UK, United Kingdom; USA, United States of America.