Table 1

Values of the wealth-based slope index for absolute inequality (expressed in per cent points) in the public and private sectors, by intervention and country

Antenatal care (4+visits)Institutional deliveryEarly BF initiationPostnatal care for babyCareseeking for diarrhoeaCareseeking for pneumonia
CountryPrivatePublicp-valuePrivatePublicp-valuePrivatePublicp-valuePrivatePublicp-valuePrivatePublicp-valuePrivatePublicp-value
Afghanistan14.412.70.61415.853.7<0.0016.019.8<0.0012.45.80.11418.412.8<0.00126.011.5<0.001
Bangladesh45.14.9<0.00156.77.9<0.00123.44.2<0.00147.09.4<0.00148.65.8<0.00127.223.80.002
Bhutan0.672.2<0.0010.250.4<0.0011.917.30.174
India42.07.2<0.00158.516.4<0.00128.08.1<0.00120.11.1<0.00121.22.9<0.00118.84.4<0.001
Maldives45.848.5<0.00131.820.8<0.00117.625.4<0.00137.325.90.0031.166.90.002
Nepal26.514.3<0.00128.033.70.26513.17.50.20719.922.10.00140.132.70.001
Pakistan55.113.1<0.00146.119.8<0.00112.81.7<0.00134.011.5<0.00131.35.8<0.00132.54.3<0.001
  • Positive values of the slope index indicate pro-rich inequalities, and are shown in black font, while pro-poor inequalities are shown in red font. Cells highlighted in blue indicate that inequalities were significantly larger in the private than in the public sector, whereas yellow cells show the opposite. Cells that are not highlighted presented similar levels of inequality in both sectors (p>0.05).

  • BF, breast feeding.