Table 1

Country data and statistics in 2016 (unless otherwise stated)

 Kenya Malawi Nigeria Tanzania Total area (km2)43 580 367 118 484 923 768 947 300 % land area43 98 79 99 94 National population (million)43* 47 18 181 54 % urban population43* 26 16 48 32 Gini Index44† 48 44 49 38 GDP per capita, purchasing power parity (current US$)43* 3020 1159 6039 2653 Health expenditure per capita, purchasing power parity (current US$)43 157 108 215 97 % out-of-pocket 33 11 72 26 % external 18 54 10 37 % birth registration coverage45 67 67 30 26 Number of hospital beds per 10 000 population45 14 13 5 7 % population >2 hour travel time to public emergency hospital care30 7 7 8 25
• *Data from 2015.

• †Data from 2013.

• GDP, gross domestic product.