Table 2

Prevalence of placental malaria among women who had an institutional delivery within the study area

ISTPCDAdjusted
OR*
95% CIP value
N (%)N (%)
Total number of women14691584
Placental blood RDT done1405 (95.6)1540 (97.2)
Placental blood RDT result
P. falciparum28 (2.0)21 (1.4)
P. vivax2 (0.1)6 (0.4)
Mixed infection (Pf+Pv)2 (0.1)4 (0.3)
Placental histology done1454 (98.9)1560 (98.5)
Any placental malaria87 (6.0)65 (4.2)1.340.78 to 2.290.29
Active infection30 (2.1)27 (1.7)1.030.51 to 2.100.93
 Acute infection11 (0.8)8 (0.5)1.160.41 to 3.260.78
 Chronic infection19 (1.3)19 (1.2)1.040.43 to 2.510.93
Past infection57 (2.4)38 (3.9)1.540.88 to 2.680.12
  • *All models were adjusted for gravidity, use of a net/ITN, severe anaemia at enrolment, fever at enrolment and socioeconomic status.

  • IST, intermittent screening and treatment; ITN, insecticide-treated bed net; P., Plasmodium; PCD, passive case detection; Pf, Plasmodium falciparum; Pv, Plasmodium vivax; RDT, rapid diagnostic test.