Table 1

Characteristics of malnourished children at enrolment

VariableRandomisation armχ P value
Intervention
N=430
Control
N=307
Age categories (months)
 6–12203 (47.2)122 (39.7)
 12–24139 (32.3)118 (38.4)
 Above 2488 (20.5)67 (21.8)0.114
Sex
 Male209 (48.6)133 (43.3)
 Female221 (51.4)174 (56.7)0.156
Vaccination status
 Up to date369 (85.8)249 (81.1)
 Not up to date59 (13.7)58 (18.9)
 Never vaccinated2 (0.5)00.085
Child status
 Single373 (86.7)290 (94.5)
 Multiple57 (13.3)17 (5.5)0.001
Feeding practice
 Exclusive B/F7 (1.6)0
 Replacement feeding00
 Mixed feeding5 (1.2)4 (1.3)
 Complimentary feeding241 (56.1)201 (65.5)
 No longer B/F177 (41.2)102 (33.2)0.014
Mother status
 Pregnant18 (4.2)18 (5.9)
 Lactating256 (59.5)204 (66.5)
 Died or abandoned55 (12.8)18 (5.9)
 Non-lactating97 (22.6)64 (20.9)
 Unknown4 (0.9)3 (1.0)0.023
Nutritional status
 MAM122 (28.4)117 (38.1)
 Uncomplicated SAM308 (71.6)190 (61.9)0.005
HIV status
 Positive17 (4.0)1 (0.3)0.001
 Negative413 (96.0)302 (98.4)
 Unknown00
 Exposed04 (1.3)0.001
  • Bold text represent only significant p values

  • B/F, breast feeding;MAM, moderate acute malnutrition; SAM, severe acute malnutrition.