Table 4

Regression results for measles vaccine coverage

Dependent variable
Measles vaccine coverage (%)
BaseOLSFEFE2wFE2w+RERE2w+WB
(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)(8)
number of interventions−1.81* (0.95)−1.69 (1.08)−1.97 (2.08)−5.59** (2.62)−4.27*** (0.91)−1.81* (0.94)−1.15 (1.07)
Log government health expenditure per capita (IntUS$)−3.87−2.94 (2.27)
Log external health expenditure per capita (IntUS$)4.973.46 (3.70)
Log total population<5 years2.350.77 (1.49)
Average number of interventions (country)−3.89* (2.12)
Difference from average number of interventions (country)−1.41 (1.21)
Constant98.91*** (4.26)98.6898.91*** (4.21)86.23*** (24.21)106.65*** (7.26)
Observations7979797974797479
R20.040.040.130.360.310.400.090.06
Adjusted R20.030.03−1.60−1.95−3.550.390.040.03
F statistic3.44*3.50* (df=1; 77)3.98* (df=1; 26)9.44*** (df=1; 17)1.26 (df=4; 11)50.44***6.593.94
  • Standard errors are robust to heteroscedasticity and computed using the HC3 estimator.

  • *P<0.1; **p<0.05; ***p<0.01.

  • Base, panel random effects model with country and time effects;FE, fixed effects model with country effects;FE2w, fixed effects model with country and time effects;FE2w+, FE2w model with additional predictors;OLS, pooled ordinary least squares model;RE, random effects model with country effects;RE2w+, Base model with additional predictors;WB, random effects model using the within-between estimator.