Table 2

Existing global strategies to address gaps in geographic information systems for reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health

Training initiativesCommunities of practice
Creating an evidence-based cultureData exchange
The Demographic and Health Surveys programme trains Ministry of Health (MOH) partners on GIS when implementing surveys.
MEASURE Evaluation does GIS training (45 countries to date):
eLearning courses available at:
COPs for GIS education and ongoing professional support:
MEASURE Evaluation GIS Working Group: meets annually:
Open Data Kit community forum to better understand how to contribute/improve spatial data collection for your project and programmes:
HOT is an international team dedicated to providing open community map data which aids in emergency response, reducing risks and contributing to SDG goals:
Use of Spatial Quality and Anomalies Diagnosis (SQUAD) tool to analyse spatial data for accuracy and to chart a path for improving data:
Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation ‘Mapping for MNH’
Humanitarian data exchange is an open platform for sharing data across crises and organisations:
WHO Global Health Observatory data repository contains data that can be linked to GIS shapefiles:
Gridded Population of the World (GPW), NASA, models the distribution of human population on a continuous global raster surface:
WorldPop Geospatial Data Sets: high spatial resolution data on human population from the WorldPop group at University of Southampton:
Demographic Health Survey (DHS) Program’s Spatial Data Repository provides geographically linked health and demographic data from the DHS Program and the US Census Bureau for mapping using GIS:
OpenStreetMap is built by a community of mappers that contribute and maintain data about roads, trails, cafés, railway stations and much more, all over the world:
Global Open Source Repository for Health Facilities: Global Health Sites Mapping Project is building a curated open data commons of health facility data with OpenStreetMap: is also building an open data commons of health facility data with OpenStreetMap:
Other developments:
  • Increased availability of master facility lists.

  • Standardising technology for interoperability.

  • GIS, geographic information system; HOT, Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team; MNH, maternal and newborn health; NASA, National Aeronautics and Space Administration; SDG, Sustainable Development Goals.