Table 2

Existing global strategies to address gaps in geographic information systems for reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health

Training initiativesCommunities of practice
(COP)
Creating an evidence-based cultureData exchange
The Demographic and Health Surveys programme trains Ministry of Health (MOH) partners on GIS when implementing surveys.
MEASURE Evaluation does GIS training (45 countries to date): https://www.measureevaluation.org/resources/training/capacity-building-resources/geographic-information-systems-mapping-and-analysis-of-spatial-data/gis-training
eLearning courses available at: https://www.globalhealthlearning.org/course/gis2https://www.globalhealthlearning.org/course/geographic-approaches-global-health
COPs for GIS education and ongoing professional support: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/03098265.2017.1315534?needAccess=true
MEASURE Evaluation GIS Working Group: meets annually: https://www.measureevaluation.org/resources/publications/ws-17-41
Open Data Kit community forum to better understand how to contribute/improve spatial data collection for your project and programmes: https://forum.opendatakit.org/
HOT is an international team dedicated to providing open community map data which aids in emergency response, reducing risks and contributing to SDG goals: https://www.hotosm.org/what-we-do
Use of Spatial Quality and Anomalies Diagnosis (SQUAD) tool to analyse spatial data for accuracy and to chart a path for improving data: https://www.measureevaluation.org/resources/publications/ms-18-146
Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation ‘Mapping for MNH’
Humanitarian data exchange is an open platform for sharing data across crises and organisations:
https://data.humdata.org/
WHO Global Health Observatory data repository contains data that can be linked to GIS shapefiles: http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.home
Gridded Population of the World (GPW), NASA, models the distribution of human population on a continuous global raster surface: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/collection/gpw-v4
WorldPop Geospatial Data Sets: high spatial resolution data on human population from the WorldPop group at University of Southampton: www.worldpop.org
Demographic Health Survey (DHS) Program’s Spatial Data Repository provides geographically linked health and demographic data from the DHS Program and the US Census Bureau for mapping using GIS: https://spatialdata.dhsprogram.com/home/
OpenStreetMap is built by a community of mappers that contribute and maintain data about roads, trails, cafés, railway stations and much more, all over the world: https://www.openstreetmap.org/about
Global Open Source Repository for Health Facilities: Global Health Sites Mapping Project is building a curated open data commons of health facility data with OpenStreetMap: https://open-proposals.ucsf.edu/digital-square/notice-b/proposal/14307
Healthsites.io is also building an open data commons of health facility data with OpenStreetMap: https://healthsites.io/
Other developments:
  • Increased availability of master facility lists.

  • Standardising technology for interoperability.

  • GIS, geographic information system; HOT, Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team; MNH, maternal and newborn health; NASA, National Aeronautics and Space Administration; SDG, Sustainable Development Goals.