Table 3

PAR principles reinforced in each community stakeholder workshop

PrincipleDescription
No delegationParticipants are those directly affected and are the primary researchers taking lead roles forming teams to identify problems, define, analyse and develop solutions.
Homogeneous groupA social group with shared conditions to discuss, deliberate and reach consensus on the nature of the problem and actions to address the issues identified.
Subjective perspectivesPeople’s individual experiences are central to the process and are the foundation on which collective knowledge is developed, respecting each other’s opinion, as opposed to imposing ideas/opinions on others.
Collective validationRecording observations that all participants identify as important. Does not negate differences in perceptions and experiences, but encourages the group to reach consensus on collective findings through corroboration of information and experiences.
  • Loewenson et al 2014.38

  • PAR, participatory action research.