Table 4

Impacts of Ramadan exposure in-utero– Muslim males

Mean (OLS)Q10Q25Q50Q75Q90
Birth weight−0.307−0.300−0.372−0.1620.000−0.360
(−0.705, 0.092)(−0.988, 0.388)(−0.755, 0.012)(−0.568, 0.243)(−0.732, 0.732)(−1.544, 0.825)
Observations624
Raven’s CPM−0.056−0.125−0.083−0.037−0.009−0.010
(–0.109,–0.004)(–0.244,–0.006)(−0.171, 0.005)(−0.095, 0.021)(−0.065, 0.048)(−0.050, 0.031)
Observations1821
Math scores−0.085−0.1360.000−0.100−0.0750.021
(–0.151, –0.019)(–0.261, –0.011)(−0.128, 0.128)(−0.238, 0.038)(−0.199, 0.050)(−0.128, 0.170)
Observations1825
Hours worked−0.0270.0080.0170.002−0.019−0.007
(−0.074, 0.021)(−0.150, 0.166)(−0.040, 0.075)(−0.033, 0.036)(−0.057, 0.020)(−0.055, 0.041)
Observations4599
Earnings−0.063−0.173−0.033−0.028−0.033−0.062
(−0.154, 0.028)(−0.446, 0.099)(−0.160, 0.094)(−0.128, 0.073)(−0.167, 0.101)(−0.222, 0.098)
Observations4019
  • Two-sided 95% robust confidence intervals in parentheses. Each cell presents a coefficient estimate on the exposure dummy defined in the main text. The sample for hours worked and earnings was restricted to positive values and to those aged 18–65 y in 2007, for test scores, 8–15 y olds in 2007, and for birth weight, retrospective data was used or 0–5 y olds in 1993. Birth weights greater than 7 kgs were dropped from sample (outliers probably due to measurement or recording errors).