Table 1

Demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the sample

Community surveyFacility Detection SurveyCohort study
Depression (n=409)*Alcohol use disorder (n=339)†
Baseline (n=1305)Follow-up (n=2867)Baseline (n=760)Follow-up (n=817)Comparison (n=149)Treatment (n=238)Comparison (n=135)Treatment (n=204)
Age (years)P=0.026P=0.006P<0.001P=0.880
 18–29386 (29.8)858 (30.0)218 (26.7)272 (33.3)22 (15.3%)48 (22.1%)29 (21.5%)42 (20.6%)
 30–49593 (45.2)1210 (42.4)324 (42.6)285 (34.9)53 (36.8%)116 (53.5%)72 (53.3%)114 (55.9%)
 50+326 (25.1)799 (27.6)218 (28.7)260 (31.8)69 (47.9%)53 (24.4%)34 (25.2%)48 (23.5%)
GenderP<0.001P=0.332P<0.001P>0.999
 Male751 (57.5)1455 (50.8)374 (49.2)422 (51.2)100 (69.4%)99 (45.6%)135 (100.0%)203 (99.5%)
 Female554 (42.5)1412 (49.2)386 (50.8)395 (48.8)44 (30.6%)118 (54.4%)01 (0.5%)
ReligionP=0.535P<0.001P=0.448P=0.652
 Hindu1187 (91.3)2587 (89.3)554 (72.9)668 (81.7)120 (83.3%)188 (86.6%)134 (99.3%)200 (98.0%)
 Muslim/Others118 (8.7)280 (10.7)206 (27.1)149 (18.2)24 (16.7%)29 (13.4%)1 (0.7%)4 (2.0%)
Marital statusP=0.539P=0.036P=0.005P=0.216
 No partner132 (10.2)275 (9.4)65 (8.6)96 (11.8)6 (4.2%)6 (4.2%)10 (7.4%)8 (3.9%)
 Has a partner1173 (89.8)2592 (90.6)695 (91.4)721 (88.2)138 (95.8%)138 (95.8%)125 (92.6%)196 (96.1%)
EducationP=0.013P=0.017P=0.142P=0.907
 Uneducated/illiterate773 (59.6)1727 (60.4)381 (50.1)362 (44.3)46 (31.9%)79 (36.4%)31 (23.0%)48 (23.5%)
 Less than primary education434 (33.0)830 (38.8)186 (24.5)250 (30.6)47 (32.6%)50 (23.0%)40 (29.6%)56 (27.5%)
 Primary education or above98 (7.4)310 (10.7)193 (25.4)205 (25.1)51 (35.4%)88 (40.6%)64 (47.4%)100 (49.0%)
Employment statusP<0.001P=0.032P=0.005P>0.999
 Unemployed49 (3.6)24 (0.8)15 (2.0)6 (0.7)39 (27.1%)91 (41.9%)8 (5.9%)12 (5.9%)
 Employed1256 (96.3)2843 (99.2)745 (98.0)811 (99.3)105 (72.9%)126 (58.1%)127 (94.1%)192 (94.1%)
  • *Missing demographic data for 26 participants.

  • †Missing data for 26 participants.