Control (n=519) | Intervention (n=199) | Estimate (95% CI) | P value* | |

Mean (SD) | Mean (SD) | |||

HIV knowledge† | 0.80 (0.13) | 0.82 (0.11) | 0.0157 (−0.0019 to 0.03) | 0.08 |

Self-esteem | 3.06 (0.52)‡ | 3.28 (0.54) | 0.23 (0.15 to 0.30) | <0.0001 |

Self-efficacy | 3.26 (0.69) | 3.51 (0.63) | 0.29 (0.19 to 0.39) | <0.0001 |

Self-efficacy for safer sex | 3.45 (0.56) | 3.68 (0.45) | 0.23 (0.15 to 0.31) | <0.0001 |

Social support | 3.09 (0.73) | 3.31 (0.66) | 0.25 (0.16 to 0.34) | <0.0001 |

Stigma | 2.16 (0.83)§ | 1.80 (0.69)¶ | −0.37 (−0.47 to −0.26) | <0.0001 |

Depressive symptoms | 0.94 (0.60)** | 0.82 (0.53) | −0.13 (−0.21 to −0.05) | 0.0009 |

% (events/visits, n) | % (events/visits, n) | RR (95% CI) | P value†† | |

Physical abuse perpetration | 2.59 (7/270) | 2.91 (3/103) | 1.14 (0.30 to 4.25) | 0.85 |

Physical abuse victimisation | 23.70 (64/270) | 12.62 (13/103) | 0.60 (0.38 to 0.94) | 0.02 |

Sexual abuse perpetration | 0.74 (2/270) | 1.94 (2/103) | 2.61 (0.37 to 18.26) | 0.33 |

Sexual abuse victimisation | 15.56 (42/270) | 13.59 (14/103) | 0.95 (0.57 to 1.57) | 0.83 |

Multiple sex partners | 6.81 (22/323) | 15.20 (19/125) | 2.53 (1.48 to 4.35) | 0.0007 |

Unprotected sex | 31.48 (96/305) | 28.45 (33/116) | 0.91 (0.67 to 1.24) | 0.55 |

*P value was obtained from generalised estimating equations with the normal distribution, identity link and exchangeable correlation structure.

†Variable definitions are provided in the footnotes of table 2a and in the data analysis section of the text.

‡The total number of visits used for this calculation was 518 due to missing data.

§The total number of visits used for this calculation was 472 due to missing data.

¶The total number of visits used for this calculation was 192 due to missing data.

**The total number of visits used for this calculation was 516 due to missing data.

††P value was obtained from generalised estimating equations with the binomial distribution, log link and exchangeable correlation structure.

RR, risk ratio.