Table 1

Summary assessments of evidence relating to each of the outcome areas in this review, and the GRADE strength of the evidence supporting each statement.

TopicSummary assessmentGRADE confidence level
Gender differences in care-seeking rates among neonates in South AsiaThere is some evidence across a number of South Asian countries that care-seeking rates for female neonates are lower than males, especially in those households with older female children. Care-seeking from qualified care providers or those perceived to be of better quality is also greater for male neonates, as are the frequency of consultations and the amount of money spent on care-seekingLow
Gender differences in determinants of care-seeking rates among neonates in South AsiaThere is very limited evidence on which specific determinants of care-seeking behaviour are driving differential referral and care-completion rates among male and female neonates. Potential contributors include household composition which is identified as a statistically significant factor in two studies,4 37 and perception of illness necessitating care, which was found to be significantly lower in households with a female neonate in comparison to a maleVery low