Table 4

Minimum healthcare worker complement allocated to each category of newborn inpatient care and the numbers required to provide services (in brackets)

Standard careIntermediate careIntensive care
Dedicated to the newborn unit
Medical officer
OR
Paediatric clinical officer
(24-hour cover by ≥1 medical officer/clinical officer dedicated to the neonatal unit)
Registered nurse (1:5/6 patients) (a ratio of one nurse to five newborns was recommended, but in line with recommendations from the LINC example (42), a ratio of 1:6 was deemed acceptable)
Nutritionist1
Paediatrician (one on call)
Medical officer (24-hour cover by ≥1 medical officer dedicated to the neonatal unit)
Neonatal nurse
Registered nurse
(1 nurse of either designation:3 patients)
Nutritionist1
Counsellor1
Neonatologist1
Paediatrician (need ≥1 covering the ward 24/7)
Medical officer (no consensus on numbers)
Neonatal intensive care nurses
Neonatal nurses
(1 nurse of either designation:1 patient)
Nutritionist1
Counsellors1
Physiotherapist1
Occupational therapist1
Laboratory technician1
Biomedical engineer1
Available from the hospital to tend to newborns in the unit as needed (≥1 available to cover neonates)
Physiotherapist
Occupational therapist
Laboratory technician
Ophthalmologist
Subspecialists such as
  • Cardiologist

  • Paediatric surgeon

  • Neurosurgeon

  • Plastic surgeon

  • Ophthalmologist


Anaesthetist
Radiographer/radiologist
  • LINC, Limpopo Initiative for Newborn Care.