Table 4

Use of health services during pregnancy and delivery among 1837 women in intervention wards and 1853 women in pre-intervention (control) wards

OutcomeProportion (n)RRR
(95% CI)
RD
(95% CI)
ICC
Intervention wardsPre-intervention wards
Attended any ANC0.887
(1597/1800)
0.824
(1526/1851)
0.071
(–0.046 to 0.187)
0.063
(–0.044 to 0.170)
0.022
four or more ANC visits0.480
(832/1735)
0.424
(770/1817)
0.116
(–0.578 to 0.180)
0.056
(–0.299 to 0.410)
0.121
Blood pressure measured at least once0.677
(1236/1827)
0.671
(1231/1835)
0.008
(–0.187 to 0.203)
0.006
(–0.127 to 0.138)
0.018
Urine tested at least once0.695
(1270/1828)
0.634
(1174/1851)
0.087
(−0.298 to 0.472)
0.060
(−0.219 to 0.340)
0.084
Delivered in a health facility0.301
(475/1579)
0.219
(391/1785)
0.272
(−0.162 to 0.705)
0.082
(−0.071 to 0.235)
0.028
Had any assistance at delivery0.811
(1280/1579)
0.887
(1582/1783)
−0.095
(−0.238 to 0.049)
−0.077
(−0.186 to 0.033)
0.022
Delivered by a skilled health worker0.293
(463/1579)
0.227
(404/1783)
0.227
(−0.213 to 0.668)
0.067
(−0.081 to 0.214)
0.026
Postnatal visit within 6 weeks0.355
(645/1818)
0.254
(470/1850)
0.284
(−0.020 to 0.588)
0.101
(−0.027 to 0.228)
0.017
  • ANC, antenatal care; 95% CIca, cluster-adjusted 95% CI; ICC, intracluster correlation; NNT, number needed to treat (1/RD); RD, risk difference; RRR, relative risk reduction (1–RR (relative risk)).