Table 1

Characteristics of the women reporting on pregnancies in the intervention and pre-intervention (control) wards

Characteristic% (n)OR (95% CIca)
Intervention wardsPre-intervention wards
No of women18371853
From non-remote community78.4
(1441/1837)
56.7
(1051/1853)
2.78
(1.64 to 4.71)
From male-headed household99.6
(1585/1591)
99.7
(1794/1800)
0.88
(0.23 to 3.33)
From household where head has some formal education54.7
(848/1551)
40.9
(729/1783)
1.74
(1.36 to 2.24)
In low-risk age group (18–35 years)86.8
(1594/1837)
90.4
(1675/1853)
0.70
(0.62 to 0.78)
Adolescent (age <20 years)15.7
(289/1837)
10.4
(192/1853)
1.62
(1.24 to 2.10)
Age more than 35 years6.5
(119/1837)
6.6
(122/1853)
0.98
(0.83 to 1.17)
Age more than 39 years5.0
(91/1837)
5.0
(91/1853)
1.00
(0.92 to 1.08)
Less than five previous pregnancies74.6
(1371/1837)
63.5
(1176/1853)
1.69
(1.34 to 2.14)
With any formal education42.9
(788/1835)
35.1
(650/1850)
1.39
(1.27 to 1.53)
With enough food in the last week95.2
(1748/1836)
95.1
(1762/1853)
1.03
(0.61 to 1.73)
  • Bold font indicates a difference significant at the 5% level.

  • The relatively high level of missing data for information about the household head in intervention wards arose because some workers mistakenly recorded initial visits as “follow-up” rather than “baseline” and did not collect the information about the household head.

  • 95% CIca=cluster-adjusted 95% CI; OR=Mantel-Haenszel OR.