Table 3

Health and occupational characteristics of working children aged >8 to ≤18 years, stratified by sex (n=4090)

TotalMaleFemaleP value
Total, n21071983
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Weather exposure
 Hours/day of work in the sun5.92.25.82.36.12.2<0.01
 Hours/day of work in the cold5.82.45.72.55.92.30.173
Well-being indices (range)
 Child Satisfaction Index (0–9)3.92.63.82.63.92.50.2363
 Child Well-Being Index (0–16)8.53.08.43.08.63.00.1096
 Child Perception Index (0–6)1.31.61.21.61.31.70.05
 Child Optimism Index (0–10)3.92.13.82.13.92.10.2345
n % n % n %
Receive salary on time*
 No139437.762632.676843.3<0.001
 Yes230262.3129767.4100556.7
Ever health symptom at work
 No1924.71175.6753.8<0.01
 Yes389895.3199094.4190896.2
Allowed breaks at work†
 No75118.440319.134817.60.196
 Yes333481.6170280.9163282.4
Allowed to eat at work‡
 No136533.467031.869535.0<0.05
 Yes272366.6143568.2128865.0
Water bottles drunk at work§¶
 0–1 bottle per day105726.049423.656328.6<0.001
 2 bottles per day122730.260028.762731.8
 3 or more bottles per day178143.899947.778239.7
Lifting weights more than 25 kg
 No262564.2113153.7149475.3<0.001
 Yes146535.897646.348924.7
Work under pressure to finish job on time
 No181444.496946.084542.6<0.05
 Yes227655.6113854.0113857.4
  • Due to respondents answering ‘I don’t know’ or respondents only answering parts of the survey depending on earlier answers, the total numerators/denominators are *3696/3699, †4085/4090, ‡4088/4090 and §4089/4090.

  • ¶Each bottle is 0.5 L.